Other ConcernsEndocrine disruption (low)
SYNONYMS.DELTA.-N-AMYLBUTYROLACTONE, 2(3H)FURANONE, DIHYDRO5PENTYL, G-NONALACTONE, GAMMA-NONALACTONE, and NONAN-4-OLIDE
Gamma-Nonalactone is a heterocyclic compound.
See how this product scores for common concerns.
LOWAllergies & Immunotoxicity
LOWDevelopmental and Reingredientive Toxicity
- DATA SOURCES
Products with this Ingredient
|recreational sunscreen||26 products|
|body wash/cleanser||12 products|
|bubble bath||4 products|
|liquid hand soap||3 products|
|daily use with SPF||3 products|
|sunless tanning||2 products|
|hand cream||2 products|
|baby soap||2 products|
|baby shampoo||2 products|
|facial moisturizer/treatment||2 products|
|hand sanitizer||2 products|
|baby lotion||1 products|
|lip balm with SPF||1 products|
|baby oil||1 products|
|lip balm||1 products|
|fragrance for men||1 products|
|fragrance for women||1 products|
|baby sunscreen||1 products|
|bar soap||1 products|
|One or more studies show weak endocrine disruption||Open scientific literature|
|0 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemical||NLM PubMed|
|Not suspected to be an environmental toxin||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)
|Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmful||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
Persistence and bioaccumulation
|Not suspected to be persistent||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Not suspected to be bioaccumulative||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
Multiple, additive exposure sources
|Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in food||FDA Everything Added to Food|
- Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
- NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
- EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
- FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
Cosmetics and personal care products are not required to be tested for safety before being allowed on the market. The Skin Deep® scoring system was designed to help the public understand whether a product is safe to use or whether it contains ingredients of concern.
Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES
The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED™ mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.
The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.