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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (high)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is HIGH

Products with this Ingredient

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facial moisturizer/treatment35 products
moisturizer31 products
body wash/cleanser30 products
liquid hand soap26 products
facial cleanser24 products
shampoo23 products
conditioner17 products
serums & essences17 products
moisturizer with SPF16 products
antiperspirant/deodorant16 products
beach & sport sunscreen13 products
hair treatment/serum11 products
mask10 products
hand sanitizer9 products
toners/astringents9 products
toothpaste7 products
lip balm6 products
exfoliant/scrub6 products
hand cream5 products
shaving cream (men's)5 products
bath oil/salts/soak5 products
other men's products5 products
body oil4 products
bar soap4 products
mouthwash4 products
styling gel/lotion3 products
shaving cream3 products
after shave2 products
around-eye cream2 products
foundation2 products
fragrance for women2 products
makeup remover2 products
hair spray2 products
vapor rubs2 products
CC cream2 products
BB cream2 products
hair styling aide2 products
beard oil2 products
anti-aging1 products
styling mousse/foam1 products
after sun product1 products
baby shampoo1 products
baby oil1 products
fragrance for men1 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)1 products
bronzer/highlighter1 products
bubble bath1 products
foot moisturizer1 products
cuticle treatment1 products
makeup with SPF1 products
body spray1 products
muscle/joint soreness1 products
oil controller1 products


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Concern Reference
Known human any toxicant or allergenEU Cosmetics Directive

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Violation of government restrictions - Restricted in cosmetics; use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - anyCosIng
Recommended restricted in cosmetics - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Fragrance subject to restrictions: safe only within recommended use or concentration limitsn)IFRA_Standard_43html

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
95 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • EU Cosmetics Directive
  • European Commission. 2013. Cosing, the European Commission database with information on cosmetic substances and ingredients. Accessed on March 1, 2013 at .
  • IFRA_Standard_43html
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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