CITRUS LIMON (LEMON) PEEL EXTRACT
Cancer: Ingredients linked to cancer in government, industry or academic studies or assessments.
Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity
Developmental and reproductive toxicity: Ingredients linked to developmental and reproductive toxicity, a broad class of health effects that range from infertility and reproductive organ cancers to birth defects and developmental delays in children.
Allergies & Immunotoxicity
Allergies and immunotoxicity: Ingredients linked to harm to the immune system, a class of health problems that manifest as allergic reactions or an impaired capacity to fight disease and repair damaged tissue in the body.
Products with this Ingredient
|facial moisturizer/treatment||17 products|
|lip balm with SPF||16 products|
|facial cleanser||13 products|
|lip gloss||12 products|
|hair color and bleaching||7 products|
|serums & essences||7 products|
|moisturizer with SPF||6 products|
|body wash/cleanser||6 products|
|liquid hand soap||3 products|
|hair treatment/serum||3 products|
|makeup remover||2 products|
|beach & sport sunscreen||2 products|
|styling gel/lotion||2 products|
|shaving cream||2 products|
|bath oil/salts/soak||1 products|
|baby bubble bath||1 products|
|makeup primer||1 products|
|hair spray||1 products|
|body firming lotion||1 products|
|baby soap||1 products|
|bar soap||1 products|
|baby lotion||1 products|
|hand sanitizer||1 products|
|after shave||1 products|
|sunless tanning||1 products|
|lip balm||1 products|
|foot cleansing||1 products|
|baby shampoo||1 products|
Enhanced skin absorption
|Ethanol has been found to act as a penetration enhancer for many chemicals.||S Mutalik & N. Udupa. 2003. Effect of some penetration enhancers on the permeation of glibenclamide and glipizide through mouse skin. Die Pharmazie 58(12), 891-4.|
|Violation of government restrictions - Restricted in cosmetics; use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - any||CosIng|
|Restricted in cosmetics (recommendations or requirements) - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - any||CosIng|
|Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - Safe for use in cosmetics with some qualifications||Final report 09/2016|
|REACH registrations this substance may cause an allergic skin reaction.||European Chemicals Agency (ECHA)|
Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)
|REACH registrations this substance causes skin irritation.||European Chemicals Agency (ECHA)|
Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)
|REACH registrations this substance may be fatal if swallowed and enters airways.||European Chemicals Agency (ECHA)|
|REACH registrations this substance is toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects.||European Chemicals Agency (ECHA)|
|5 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemical||NLM PubMed|
Multiple, additive exposure sources
|Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in food||FDA Everything Added to Food|
- S Mutalik & N. Udupa. 2003. Effect of some penetration enhancers on the permeation of glibenclamide and glipizide through mouse skin. Die Pharmazie 58(12), 891-4.
- European Commission. 2013. Cosing, the European Commission database with information on cosmetic substances and ingredients. Accessed on March 1, 2013 at http://ec.europa.eu/consumers/cosmetics/cosing/ .
- Final report 09/2016
- European Chemicals Agency (ECHA)
- NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
- FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
- Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met use restrictions and warnings based on EWG review of company data.
ABOUT THE SKIN DEEP® RATINGS
EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer
ABOUT EWG VERIFIED™
Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer