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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (moderate)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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facial moisturizer/treatment72 products
facial cleanser54 products
moisturizer51 products
serums & essences46 products
foundation41 products
antiperspirant/deodorant39 products
mask39 products
shampoo36 products
body wash/cleanser31 products
exfoliant/scrub30 products
daily use with SPF28 products
CC cream28 products
hair treatment/serum25 products
conditioner24 products
bath oil/salts/soak22 products
toners/astringents20 products
liquid hand soap15 products
hair styling aide13 products
hand cream13 products
beard oil12 products
lip gloss12 products
baby lotion10 products
body oil9 products
makeup remover8 products
after shave8 products
bar soap8 products
lip plumper7 products
7 products
body spray7 products
beard care6 products
body firming lotion6 products
shaving cream (men's)6 products
hair spray6 products
styling gel/lotion6 products
around-eye cream6 products
fragrance for women6 products
hand sanitizer5 products
baby shampoo5 products
recreational sunscreen4 products
shaving cream4 products
lipstick4 products
baby soap4 products
fragrance for men3 products
anti-aging3 products
sunless tanning3 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)3 products
lip balm3 products
bronzer/highlighter2 products
bubble bath2 products
hair color and bleaching2 products
styling mousse/foam2 products
foot moisturizer2 products
diaper cream1 products
setting powder/spray1 products
tanning oil1 products
baby bubble bath1 products
mouthwash1 products
foot cleansing1 products
after sun product1 products
detangler1 products
eye makeup remover1 products
body powder1 products

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Recommended restricted in cosmetics - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Fragrance subject to restrictions: safe only within recommended use or concentration limitsn)International Fragrance Association Codes & Standards

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
86 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • IFRA (International Fragrance Association). 2006. Codes and Standards.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met use restrictions and warnings based on EWG review of company data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer