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Data: Limited

Citrus Aurantium Amara (Bitter Orange) Peel Oil

  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met use restrictions and warnings based on EWG review of company data.

Other Concerns

Use restrictions (moderate), Persistence and bioaccumulation (moderate), Ecotoxicology (low), and Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (high)

SYNONYMS

BIGARADE OIL; BITTER ORANGE PEEL SOLID EXTRACT; NEROLI OIL, BIGARADE PETALES EXTRA; NEROLI OIL, SELECTA; ORANGE BITTER OIL; ORANGE BITTER OIL; ORANGE OIL, BITTER; ORANGE OIL, BITTER, BITTER (CITRUS AURANTIUM L.) ORANGE PEEL OIL, BITTER ORANGE OIL, BITTER ORANGE OIL, ESSENTIAL, BITTER ORANGE PEEL OIL, CITRUS AURANTIUM (BITTER ORANGE) OIL, CITRUS AURANTIUM (BITTER ORANGE) PETITGRAIN ESSENTIAL OIL, CITRUS AURANTIUM AMARA (BITTER ORANGE) OIL, CITRUS AURANTIUM AMARA (BITTER ORANGE) PEEL OIL, CITRUS AURANTIUM AMARA (PETITGRAIN) ESSENTIAL OIL, CITRUS AURANTIUM AMARA (PETITGRAIN) OIL, CITRUS AURANTIUM AMARA ESSENTIAL OIL, CITRUS AURANTIUM AMARA OIL, CITRUS AURANTIUM AMARA OIL (BITTER ORANGE) PEEL OIL, CITRUS AURANTIUM DULCIS (ORANGE) OIL, ESSENTIAL BITTER ORANGE OIL, OIL OF BITTER ORANGE, OIL, ESSENTIAL, BITTER ORANGE, OILS, ORANGE, SOUR, ORANGE PEEL OIL, BITTER (CITRUS AURANTIUM L.), ORANGE YU, and PETITGRAIN ESSENTIAL OIL

Citrus Aurantium Amara (Bitter Orange) Oil is a volatile oil obtained from Citrus aurantiumamara.

Common concerns

See how this product scores for common concerns.

  • LOW
    Cancer
  • HIGH
    Allergies & Immunotoxicity
  • LOW
    Developmental and Reingredientive Toxicity
  • MODERATE
    Use Restrictions

Ingredient concerns

  • CONCERNS
  • DATA SOURCES

Products with this Ingredient

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facial moisturizer/treatment17 products
daily use with SPF14 products
serums & essences13 products
moisturizer12 products
body oil8 products
CC cream7 products
conditioner6 products
beard oil6 products
shampoo5 products
facial cleanser5 products
body wash/cleanser4 products
bath oil/salts/soak3 products
hand cream3 products
liquid hand soap3 products
hair treatment/serum3 products
around-eye cream3 products
mask3 products
toothpaste2 products
exfoliant/scrub2 products
makeup remover2 products
tooth whitening2 products
anti-aging1 products
recreational sunscreen1 products
baby shampoo1 products
antiperspirant/deodorant1 products
bubble bath1 products
1 products
shaving cream1 products
detangler1 products
body powder1 products
setting powder/spray1 products
fragrance for women1 products
toners/astringents1 products
bar soap1 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)1 products

Allergies/immunotoxicity

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Known human any toxicant or allergenOpen scientific literature
Possible human any toxicant or allergenOpen scientific literature
Human any toxicant or allergen - strong evidenceOpen scientific literature
Limited evidence of any toxicity or allergiesOpen scientific literature
Limited evidence of any toxicity or allergiesOpen scientific literature
Limited evidence of any toxicity or allergiesOpen scientific literature

Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Classified as any irritantOpen scientific literature
Human any irritant - moderate evidenceOpen scientific literature

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Persistent, bioaccumulative in wildlifeOpen scientific literature
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeOpen scientific literature
Not suspected to be persistentOpen scientific literature

Use restrictions

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Recommended restricted in cosmetics - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Fragrance subject to restrictions: safe only within recommended use or concentration limitsn)International Fragrance Association Codes & Standards
Restricted in cosmetics - labeling requirement for allergensOpen scientific literature

Developmental/reproductive toxicity

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CONCERN REFERENCE
One or more animal studies show any effects at high dosesOpen scientific literature

Ecotoxicology

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Wildlife and environmental toxicityOpen scientific literature
Suspected to be an environmental toxinOpen scientific literature
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Insufficient data to determine safetyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
4 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Miscellaneous

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Occupational hazards related to handlingOpen scientific literature

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Cancer

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Limited or incomplete evidence of cancer according to safety/hazard data – government assessment cannot classify as human carcinogen due to data gapsOpen scientific literature
  • Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
  • IFRA (International Fragrance Association). 2006. Codes and Standards.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.

Understanding scores

Cosmetics and personal care products are not required to be tested for safety before being allowed on the market. The Skin Deep® scoring system was designed to help the public understand whether a product is safe to use or whether it contains ingredients of concern.

Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.

HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES

Hazard score

The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED™ mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.

Score legend

Data availability

The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.

NONE LIMITED FAIR GOOD ROBUST
Low Availability
Moderate Availability
High Availability

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