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Data: Fair

Acid Violet 43 (Uncertified Ext. D&C Violet No. 2)

IMAGE SOURCE: PubChem

SEARCH PRODUCTS

Other Concerns

Use restrictions (high), Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate), Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (low), and Contamination concerns (high)

SYNONYMS

2-[(9,10-DIHYDRO-4-HYDROXY-9,10-DIOXO-1-ANTHRACENYL)AMINO]-5-METHYL-, BENZENESULFONIC ACID, 2-[(9,10-DIHYDRO-4-HYDROXY-9,10-DIOXO-1-ANTHRACENYL)AMINO]-5-METHYLBENZENESULFONIC ACID, MONOSODIUM, 6-((4-HYDROXY-1-ANTHRAQUINONYL)AMINO)- SODIUM SALT M-TOLUENESULFONIC ACID, ACID VIOLET 43, ACID VIOLET 43 (UNCERTIFIED EXT. D&C VIOLET NO. 2), BENZENESULFONIC ACID 2-[(9,10-DIHYDRO-4-HYDROXY-9,10-DIOXO-1-ANTHRACENYL)AMINO]-5-METHYL-, BENZENESULFONIC ACID, 2-[(9,10-DIHYDRO-4-HYDROXY-9,10-DIOXO-1-ANTHRACENYL)AMINO]-5-METHYL-,, JAPAN PUR PLE 401, JAPAN VIOLET 401, M-TOLUENESULFONIC ACID, 6-((4-HYDROXY-1-ANTHRAQUINONYL)AMINO)- SODIUM SALT, MONOSODIUM 2-[(9,10-DIHYDRO-4-HYDROXY-9,10-DIOXO-1-ANTHRACENYL)AMINO]-5-METHYLBENZENESULFONIC ACID, MONOSODIUM SALT, VIOLET 401, and VIOLET NO. 401

Unacceptable

Unacceptable: EWG VERIFIED products cannot contain this ingredient


Acid Violet 43 is classed chemically as an anthraquinone color.

Common concerns

See how this product scores for common concerns.

  • MODERATE
    Cancer
  • MODERATE
    Allergies & Immunotoxicity
  • LOW
    Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity
  • HIGH
    Use Restrictions

Ingredient concerns

  • CONCERNS
  • DATA SOURCES

Products with this Ingredient

Expand content Collapse content
conditioner12 products
hair treatment/serum7 products
hair color and bleaching6 products
shampoo5 products
mask5 products
hair styling aide1 products

Contamination concerns

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Use restrictions

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Violation of government restrictions - Banned or found unsafe for use in cosmeticsCTFA International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook
Violation of government restrictions - Restricted in cosmetics; use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - anyOpen scientific literature
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - Safe for use in cosmetics with some qualificationsCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Allergies/immunotoxicity

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Human skin toxicant or allergen - strong evidenceEWG Assessment of Open Scientific Literature
any or allergies - weight of evidence unknown/unassessed/unreview: published lit review or major tox studyOpen scientific literature

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Limited evidence of any toxicityOpen scientific literature
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Cancer

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Limited evidence of carcinogenicityOpen scientific literature
Cancer - limited evidenceEWG Assessment of Open Scientific Literature
Cancer - limited evidenceCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
One or more in vitro tests on mammalian cells show positive mutation resultsOpen scientific literature

Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Limited evidence of any irritationOpen scientific literature
One or more animal studies show any irritation at moderate dosesOpen scientific literature

Data gaps

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CONCERN REFERENCE
192 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Ecotoxicology

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Informational

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
  • CTFA (Cosmetic, Toiletry and Fragrance Association). 2006. International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook, 11th Edition. Color Additive Information. Washington, DC.
  • Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • EWG Assessment of Open Scientific Literature
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.

Understanding scores

Cosmetics and personal care products are not required to be tested for safety before being allowed on the market. The Skin Deep® scoring system was designed to help the public understand whether a product is safe to use or whether it contains ingredients of concern.

Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.

HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES

Hazard score

The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED™ mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.

Score legend

Data availability

The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.

NONE LIMITED FAIR GOOD ROBUST
Low Availability
Moderate Availability
High Availability

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