Other ConcernsUse restrictions (low) and Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)
SYNONYMSGUM ARABIC, ACACIA GUM, ACACIA GUM (ACACIA SENEGAL (L.) WILLD.), ACACIA SENEGAL GUM, and GUM ARABIC
Restricted: EWG VERIFIED products cannot contain this ingredient without adequate substantiation
This gum is prepared from the dried, sap of the acacia tree, Acacia senegal.
See how this product scores for common concerns.
MODERATEAllergies & Immunotoxicity
LOWDevelopmental and Reproductive Toxicity
- DATA SOURCES
Products with this Ingredient
|eye liner||51 products|
|facial moisturizer/treatment||33 products|
|serums & essences||30 products|
|facial cleanser||19 products|
|body wash/cleanser||13 products|
|around-eye cream||10 products|
|brow liner||9 products|
|body powder||6 products|
|recreational sunscreen||6 products|
|hair styling aide||6 products|
|makeup primer||6 products|
|bath oil/salts/soak||5 products|
|daily use with SPF||5 products|
|styling gel/lotion||4 products|
|hair treatment/serum||4 products|
|liquid hand soap||3 products|
|BB cream||3 products|
|muscle/joint soreness||2 products|
|eye shadow||2 products|
|bar soap||2 products|
|body oil||1 products|
|makeup remover||1 products|
|baby sunscreen||1 products|
|lip balm with SPF||1 products|
|setting powder/spray||1 products|
|lip balm||1 products|
|bubble bath||1 products|
|hair spray||1 products|
|styling mousse/foam||1 products|
|foot odor control||1 products|
|body firming lotion||1 products|
|tooth whitening||1 products|
|tanning oil||1 products|
|after sun product||1 products|
|Human immune and respiratory toxicant or allergen - strong evidence||Association of Occupational and Environmental Clinics|
|Human skin toxicant or allergen - strong evidence||Cosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments|
|Human skin toxicant or allergen - strong evidence||EWG Assessment of Open Scientific Literature|
|Limited evidence of any toxicity or allergies||Open scientific literature|
Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)
|Classified as medium human health priority||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmful||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - Restrictions on impurities recommended by industry safety panel||Cosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments|
|Prohibited for use in food||Open scientific literature|
|Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in product||Cosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments|
|Considered safe based on assumption of low absorption||Cosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments|
|2597 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemical||NLM PubMed|
|Not suspected to be an environmental toxin||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
Multiple, additive exposure sources
|Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in food||FDA Food Additive Status|
|Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in food||Cosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments|
|Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in food||FDA Everything Added to Food|
|Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - any||Cosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments|
- AOEC (Association of Occupational and Environmental Clinics). 2009. AEOC exposures codes and asthmagen designation.
- CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
- EWG Assessment of Open Scientific Literature
- Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
- EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
- NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
- FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/%7Edms/opa-appa.html, Oct 16, 2006.
- FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
Cosmetics and personal care products are not required to be tested for safety before being allowed on the market. The Skin Deep® scoring system was designed to help the public understand whether a product is safe to use or whether it contains ingredients of concern.
Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES
The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED™ mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.
The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.