Menu Close Menu




Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Enhanced skin absorption, Multiple, additive exposure sources (low), and Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (low)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

Expand content Collapse content
moisturizer323 products
conditioner170 products
facial moisturizer/treatment145 products
hair treatment/serum145 products
exfoliant/scrub134 products
body oil123 products
lip balm121 products
shampoo90 products
body wash/cleanser68 products
bath oil/salts/soak65 products
lipstick63 products
hair styling aide56 products
facial cleanser55 products
hand cream52 products
beard oil51 products
serums & essences47 products
bar soap44 products
mask44 products
lip gloss39 products
styling gel/lotion30 products
foundation28 products
around-eye cream26 products
body firming lotion23 products
baby lotion23 products
blush20 products
cuticle treatment16 products
beard care16 products
shaving cream13 products
13 products
makeup remover12 products
daily use with SPF12 products
foot moisturizer10 products
liquid hand soap10 products
lip balm with SPF10 products
baby oil9 products
antiperspirant/deodorant8 products
damaged skin treatment8 products
mascara7 products
fragrance for women7 products
diaper cream7 products
nail treatment7 products
makeup primer7 products
hand sanitizer7 products
lip plumper7 products
detangler6 products
hair spray6 products
BB cream6 products
eye liner5 products
concealer5 products
recreational sunscreen5 products
bronzer/highlighter5 products
fragrance for men5 products
anti-aging4 products
shaving cream (men's)4 products
hair removal waxes4 products
hair-loss treatment4 products
toners/astringents4 products
bubble bath4 products
setting powder/spray4 products
lip liner3 products
muscle/joint soreness3 products
tanning oil3 products
after sun product3 products
after shave3 products
baby shampoo2 products
sunless tanning2 products
styling mousse/foam2 products
baby soap2 products
nail polish2 products
glitter2 products
skin fading/lightener1 products
body spray1 products
other eye makeup1 products
depilatory1 products
brow liner1 products
baby sunscreen1 products
baby wipes1 products
beard cleanser1 products
foot odor control1 products
mouthwash1 products
body art1 products

Enhanced skin absorption

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Penetration enhancerOpen scientific literature

Multiple, additive exposure sources

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Used in food or as an additive with limited or no toxicity information availableOpen scientific literature
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodOpen scientific literature

Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Limited evidence of any irritationOpen scientific literature


Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Suspected to be an environmental toxinOpen scientific literature
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
149 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Persistence and bioaccumulation

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeOpen scientific literature
Not suspected to be persistentOpen scientific literature

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Classified as a low human health priorityOpen scientific literature
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer