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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (moderate) and Multiple, additive exposure sources (low)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is HIGH

Products with this Ingredient

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facial moisturizer/treatment62 products
moisturizer55 products
body oil37 products
facial cleanser36 products
shampoo34 products
serums & essences34 products
foundation31 products
conditioner29 products
bath oil/salts/soak25 products
exfoliant/scrub23 products
antiperspirant/deodorant22 products
body wash/cleanser18 products
hair treatment/serum18 products
bar soap17 products
toners/astringents14 products
mask12 products
lip gloss11 products
CC cream10 products
recreational sunscreen9 products
fragrance for women9 products
7 products
hand cream7 products
liquid hand soap7 products
lip plumper7 products
lipstick7 products
bubble bath6 products
baby lotion6 products
daily use with SPF5 products
baby shampoo5 products
body spray5 products
setting powder/spray5 products
beard oil4 products
lip balm4 products
body powder4 products
around-eye cream4 products
styling gel/lotion3 products
hair styling aide3 products
cuticle treatment3 products
shaving cream3 products
baby soap3 products
makeup remover3 products
muscle/joint soreness2 products
pore strips2 products
body firming lotion2 products
bronzer/highlighter2 products
after shave2 products
baby wipes2 products
makeup primer2 products
baby sunscreen1 products
fragrance for men1 products
beard care1 products
detangler1 products
sunless tanning1 products
eye makeup remover1 products
hair spray1 products
after sun product1 products
baby bubble bath1 products
baby oil1 products
foot cleansing1 products
baby powder1 products
foot odor control1 products
anti-aging1 products
hand sanitizer1 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)1 products


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Concern Reference
Known human any toxicant or allergenOpen scientific literature
Human any toxicant or allergen - strong evidenceOpen scientific literature
Limited evidence of any toxicity or allergiesOpen scientific literature

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Recommended restricted in cosmetics - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Fragrance subject to restrictions: safe only within recommended use or concentration limitsn)International Fragrance Association Codes & Standards

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Used in food or as an additive with limited or no toxicity information availableFDA Everything Added to Food
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
84 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
  • IFRA (International Fragrance Association). 2006. Codes and Standards.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met use restrictions and warnings based on EWG review of company data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer