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Data: Fair


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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toothpaste74 products
facial moisturizer/treatment22 products
moisturizer with SPF18 products
serums & essences18 products
mouthwash16 products
mask13 products
baby toothpaste11 products
facial cleanser7 products
lipstick6 products
beach & sport sunscreen5 products
around-eye cream5 products
makeup remover5 products
shampoo4 products
BB cream3 products
CC cream3 products
anti-aging2 products
tooth whitening2 products
sunless tanning2 products
conditioner2 products
bronzer/highlighter2 products
body firming lotion2 products
exfoliant/scrub2 products
makeup with SPF1 products
shaving cream1 products
hair treatment/serum1 products
hair styling aide1 products
makeup primer1 products
toners/astringents1 products
hand cream1 products
moisturizer1 products
foundation1 products
shaving cream (men's)1 products
eye makeup remover1 products
lip balm1 products
blush1 products

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
3285 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food

Data Sources

  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer