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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
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  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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foundation86 products
antiperspirant/deodorant60 products
hair spray49 products
shampoo47 products
lipstick45 products
moisturizer31 products
recreational sunscreen30 products
body wash/cleanser28 products
conditioner27 products
facial moisturizer/treatment25 products
facial cleanser25 products
hair treatment/serum21 products
concealer16 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)15 products
serums & essences14 products
hair styling aide13 products
exfoliant/scrub12 products
hand cream9 products
baby shampoo9 products
mask9 products
hand sanitizer9 products
lip gloss9 products
brow liner9 products
daily use with SPF8 products
body spray7 products
baby soap7 products
liquid hand soap7 products
baby lotion7 products
styling gel/lotion6 products
bath oil/salts/soak5 products
blush5 products
toners/astringents5 products
makeup remover5 products
fragrance for women5 products
bubble bath5 products
lip balm with SPF5 products
fragrance for men4 products
body oil4 products
body firming lotion3 products
after sun product3 products
bar soap3 products
setting powder/spray2 products
nail polish2 products
eye liner2 products
detangler2 products
shaving cream1 products
around-eye cream1 products
oil controller1 products
beard care1 products
anti-aging1 products
styling mousse/foam1 products
diaper cream1 products
baby bubble bath1 products
baby sunscreen1 products
makeup primer1 products
after shave1 products
beard oil1 products

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
2137 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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