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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Contamination concerns (high)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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lipstick1381 products
foundation1313 products
facial moisturizer/treatment897 products
lip balm874 products
moisturizer869 products
concealer679 products
lip gloss518 products
recreational sunscreen504 products
serums & essences454 products
mask350 products
eye liner347 products
eye shadow318 products
brow liner315 products
conditioner313 products
daily use with SPF309 products
facial cleanser289 products
shampoo277 products
lip liner265 products
bronzer/highlighter248 products
exfoliant/scrub239 products
antiperspirant/deodorant236 products
hair treatment/serum234 products
mascara232 products
body oil224 products
body wash/cleanser208 products
blush207 products
around-eye cream193 products
hand cream190 products
makeup primer129 products
lip balm with SPF112 products
liquid hand soap110 products
hair styling aide106 products
bar soap100 products
body firming lotion97 products
baby sunscreen95 products
baby lotion80 products
nail polish78 products
beard oil71 products
facial powder70 products
makeup remover68 products
lip plumper67 products
bath oil/salts/soak65 products
hair color and bleaching62 products
BB cream62 products
anti-aging59 products
toners/astringents59 products
CC cream58 products
setting powder/spray50 products
styling gel/lotion46 products
fragrance for women41 products
41 products
sunless tanning38 products
diaper cream37 products
hand sanitizer37 products
beard care36 products
baby soap32 products
bubble bath30 products
foot moisturizer29 products
shaving cream28 products
damaged skin treatment27 products
baby shampoo24 products
baby oil22 products
detangler22 products
cuticle treatment20 products
fragrance for men20 products
nail treatment20 products
hair spray19 products
body spray19 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)19 products
muscle/joint soreness18 products
after sun product16 products
shaving cream (men's)15 products
toothpaste15 products
styling mousse/foam13 products
after shave11 products
beard cleanser9 products
skin fading/lightener8 products
glitter8 products
baby wipes7 products
baby powder7 products
baby bubble bath6 products
hair removal waxes5 products
tanning oil5 products
eyelash glue5 products
oil controller4 products
eye makeup remover4 products
depilatory4 products
hair-loss treatment4 products
other eye makeup4 products
body art4 products
polish remover3 products
vapor rubs3 products
mouthwash3 products
tooth whitening3 products
body powder3 products
foot odor control2 products
hair relaxer1 products

Contamination concerns

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Concern Reference
One or more animal studies show tumor formation at high dosesOpen scientific literature

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
43489 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.


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