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Data: Fair

Tocopherol

  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met the program’s impurity restrictions based on EWG review of company data.

IMAGE SOURCE: PubChem

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Other Concerns

Endocrine disruption (low) and Contamination concerns (high)

SYNONYMS

● 2H-1-BENZOPYRAN-6-OL, 3,4-DIHYDRO-2,5,7,8-TETRAMETHYL-2-(4,8,12-TRIMETHYLTRIDECYL)-
● 2H1BENZOPYRAN6OL, 3,4DIHYDRO2,5,7,8TETRAMETHYL2(4,8,12TRIMETHYLTRIDECYL)
● 3,4-DIHYDRO-2,5,7,8-TETRAMETHYL-2-(4,8,12-TRIMETHYLTRIDECYL)- 2H-1-BENZOPYRAN-6-OL
● 3,4-DIHYDRO-2,5,7,8-TETRAMETHYL-2-(4,8,12-TRIMETHYLTRIDECYL)-2H-1-BENZOPYRAN-6-OL
● 3,4-DIHYDRO-2,5,7,8-TETRAMETHYL-2-(4,8,12-TRIMETHYLTRIDECYL)-2H-BENZOPYRAN-6-OL
● D-ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL
● DL-A -TOCOP HEROL
● DL-ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL
● MIXED TOCOPHEROLS
● NATURAL VITAMIN E
● TOCOPHEROL
● TOCOPHERYL
● VITAMIN E
● VITAMIN E OIL

Restricted

Restricted: EWG VERIFIED products cannot contain this ingredient without adequate substantiation


Tocopherols are a class of naturally occurring chemical compounds related to Vitamin E

Common concerns

See how this product scores for common concerns.

  • LOW
    Cancer
  • LOW
    Allergies & Immunotoxicity
  • LOW
    Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity
  • LOW
    Use Restrictions

Ingredient concerns

  • CONCERNS
  • DATA SOURCES

Products with this Ingredient

Expand content Collapse content
lipstick1350 products
foundation1341 products
facial moisturizer/treatment1003 products
moisturizer831 products
lip balm742 products
concealer681 products
lip gloss651 products
serums & essences506 products
recreational sunscreen478 products
blush407 products
conditioner396 products
eye liner395 products
eye shadow366 products
mask352 products
bronzer/highlighter345 products
brow liner338 products
daily use with SPF319 products
shampoo317 products
hair treatment/serum315 products
facial cleanser311 products
exfoliant/scrub260 products
around-eye cream240 products
body wash/cleanser225 products
lip liner225 products
antiperspirant/deodorant214 products
mascara194 products
hand cream190 products
body oil189 products
hair styling aide155 products
liquid hand soap116 products
nail polish112 products
makeup primer109 products
beard oil86 products
baby sunscreen86 products
baby lotion83 products
CC cream81 products
lip balm with SPF77 products
bar soap75 products
BB cream71 products
setting powder/spray67 products
anti-aging64 products
fragrance for women64 products
toners/astringents60 products
makeup remover59 products
styling gel/lotion58 products
lip plumper57 products
beard care53 products
facial powder50 products
body firming lotion46 products
hair color and bleaching45 products
hair spray40 products
sunless tanning40 products
bath oil/salts/soak39 products
diaper cream34 products
30 products
hand sanitizer25 products
cuticle treatment23 products
styling mousse/foam23 products
damaged skin treatment23 products
shaving cream22 products
baby soap22 products
nail treatment21 products
after sun product20 products
baby oil20 products
muscle/joint soreness20 products
fragrance for men19 products
body spray19 products
bubble bath19 products
detangler18 products
baby shampoo17 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)16 products
foot moisturizer15 products
after shave14 products
hair removal waxes13 products
body powder13 products
shaving cream (men's)12 products
skin fading/lightener11 products
baby powder8 products
tanning oil7 products
baby wipes7 products
eye makeup remover6 products
eyelash glue6 products
toothpaste6 products
beard cleanser5 products
baby bubble bath4 products
hair-loss treatment4 products
mouthwash4 products
other eye makeup4 products
body cleansing wipes4 products
polish remover3 products
nail glue3 products
glitter3 products
facial cleansing wipes3 products
oil controller2 products
depilatory2 products
vapor rubs2 products
tooth whitening2 products
hair relaxer2 products
foot odor control2 products
foot cleansing1 products
makeup removing wipes1 products
exfoliant/scrub - large particle1 products

Contamination concerns

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Chemical
HYDROQUINONE

Allergies/immunotoxicity

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Limited evidence of any toxicity or allergiesOpen scientific literature
One or more human case studies show equivocal any or allergenic effectsOpen scientific literature

Cancer

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Cancer - weight of evidence unknown/unassessedOpen scientific literature
One or more animal studies show tumor formation at high dosesOpen scientific literature

Endocrine disruption

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Associated with endocrine disruptionOpen scientific literature

Data gaps

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
43489 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Ecotoxicology

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food

Informational

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
  • Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/%7Edms/opa-appa.html, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.

Understanding scores

Cosmetics and personal care products are not required to be tested for safety before being allowed on the market. The Skin Deep® scoring system was designed to help the public understand whether a product is safe to use or whether it contains ingredients of concern.

Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.

HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES

Hazard score

The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED® mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.

Score legend

Data availability

The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.

NONE LIMITED FAIR GOOD ROBUST
Low Availability
Moderate Availability
High Availability

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