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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Enhanced skin absorption and Persistence and bioaccumulation (high)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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lipstick684 products
eye shadow644 products
bronzer/highlighter414 products
lip gloss385 products
blush170 products
nail polish146 products
eye liner140 products
foundation93 products
lip liner49 products
lip balm47 products
makeup primer38 products
facial powder36 products
mask35 products
glitter35 products
concealer30 products
bath oil/salts/soak19 products
moisturizer with SPF18 products
lip plumper16 products
brow liner15 products
mascara13 products
serums & essences13 products
facial moisturizer/treatment13 products
around-eye cream11 products
moisturizer10 products
hair color and bleaching9 products
9 products
beach & sport sunscreen8 products
lip balm with SPF7 products
nail treatment5 products
CC cream5 products
body wash/cleanser4 products
facial cleanser4 products
hair styling aide4 products
body oil3 products
liquid hand soap3 products
fragrance for women3 products
styling gel/lotion2 products
shampoo2 products
body spray2 products
exfoliant/scrub2 products
BB cream2 products
toothpaste2 products
bubble bath2 products
body firming lotion1 products
sunless tanning1 products
mouthwash1 products
tanning oil1 products
other eye makeup1 products
bar soap1 products
oil controller1 products
toners/astringents1 products

Enhanced skin absorption

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Concern Reference
Suspected nano-scale ingredients with potential to absorb into the skinNanomaterial Database

Occupational hazards

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Concern Reference
Allowed workplace exposures restricted to very low dosesNational Library of Medicine HazMap
Allowed workplace exposures restricted to low dosesNational Library of Medicine HazMap

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
5274 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • NanoWerk. 2007. Nanomaterial Database. Available online:
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2006. HazMap — Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Agents.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer