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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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lipstick278 products
moisturizer234 products
lip balm161 products
beach & sport sunscreen126 products
lip gloss67 products
lip balm with SPF66 products
facial moisturizer/treatment61 products
eye shadow48 products
bath oil/salts/soak40 products
bar soap40 products
eye liner38 products
baby lotion33 products
conditioner33 products
blush33 products
lip liner32 products
exfoliant/scrub28 products
baby sunscreen27 products
brow liner26 products
concealer22 products
body firming lotion21 products
shampoo21 products
bronzer/highlighter20 products
antiperspirant/deodorant20 products
hand cream19 products
moisturizer with SPF19 products
mask19 products
foot moisturizer14 products
serums & essences11 products
facial cleanser10 products
hair treatment/serum9 products
anti-aging8 products
shaving cream8 products
around-eye cream8 products
body wash/cleanser7 products
diaper cream7 products
styling gel/lotion6 products
hair color and bleaching5 products
tanning oil4 products
after sun product4 products
baby shampoo4 products
body oil4 products
baby soap4 products
hair styling aide4 products
beard care4 products
foundation3 products
damaged skin treatment3 products
sunless tanning3 products
detangler2 products
BB cream2 products
shaving cream (men's)2 products
makeup remover2 products
baby oil2 products
makeup primer2 products
hair-loss treatment1 products
facial powder1 products
after shave1 products
cuticle treatment1 products
body powder1 products
eye makeup remover1 products
mascara1 products
baby bubble bath1 products
oil controller1 products
bubble bath1 products
body spray1 products
Tanning Sprays1 products

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
767 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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