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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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lipstick285 products
moisturizer212 products
beach & sport sunscreen141 products
lip balm119 products
facial moisturizer/treatment57 products
lip gloss57 products
lip balm with SPF56 products
eye shadow48 products
eye liner39 products
bath oil/salts/soak38 products
blush34 products
bar soap33 products
lip liner32 products
baby lotion32 products
baby sunscreen28 products
brow liner26 products
exfoliant/scrub25 products
shampoo24 products
concealer22 products
conditioner22 products
antiperspirant/deodorant21 products
hand cream20 products
bronzer/highlighter20 products
mask13 products
moisturizer with SPF12 products
serums & essences11 products
facial cleanser9 products
foot moisturizer8 products
body firming lotion7 products
anti-aging7 products
hair treatment/serum7 products
around-eye cream6 products
shaving cream6 products
diaper cream5 products
hair color and bleaching5 products
hair styling aide5 products
styling gel/lotion5 products
body wash/cleanser4 products
sunless tanning3 products
after sun product3 products
baby shampoo3 products
foundation3 products
body oil2 products
baby soap2 products
baby oil2 products
detangler2 products
BB cream2 products
makeup primer2 products
shaving cream (men's)1 products
cuticle treatment1 products
makeup remover1 products
fragrance for women1 products
body powder1 products
eye makeup remover1 products
mascara1 products
baby bubble bath1 products
oil controller1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products
muscle/joint soreness1 products
hair-loss treatment1 products
facial powder1 products

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
767 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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