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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
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  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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moisturizer356 products
lipstick236 products
lip balm198 products
recreational sunscreen149 products
body firming lotion90 products
bar soap80 products
facial moisturizer/treatment80 products
lip balm with SPF70 products
lip gloss70 products
conditioner59 products
exfoliant/scrub49 products
eye shadow48 products
hand cream46 products
bath oil/salts/soak44 products
baby sunscreen42 products
mask38 products
shampoo37 products
baby lotion32 products
antiperspirant/deodorant32 products
blush28 products
hair treatment/serum27 products
facial cleanser25 products
lip liner24 products
foot moisturizer22 products
bronzer/highlighter22 products
hair styling aide22 products
body wash/cleanser21 products
brow liner20 products
daily use with SPF19 products
beard care17 products
serums & essences14 products
anti-aging13 products
body oil12 products
eye liner12 products
concealer11 products
after sun product10 products
around-eye cream10 products
shaving cream9 products
styling gel/lotion8 products
detangler7 products
tanning oil6 products
baby soap6 products
diaper cream6 products
hair color and bleaching6 products
baby shampoo6 products
6 products
after shave4 products
damaged skin treatment4 products
depilatory3 products
sunless tanning3 products
baby oil3 products
baby bubble bath3 products
makeup remover3 products
BB cream3 products
foundation3 products
cuticle treatment2 products
shaving cream (men's)2 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)2 products
skin fading/lightener1 products
hair-loss treatment1 products
toners/astringents1 products
mascara1 products
liquid hand soap1 products
facial powder1 products
body powder1 products
bubble bath1 products
oil controller1 products
makeup primer1 products
body spray1 products
beard oil1 products

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
767 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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