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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Enhanced skin absorption, Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate), and Occupational hazards (high)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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shampoo163 products
body wash/cleanser158 products
liquid hand soap93 products
conditioner50 products
foundation37 products
facial cleanser37 products
bar soap33 products
blush33 products
mascara32 products
concealer27 products
moisturizer with SPF23 products
moisturizer21 products
hair color and bleaching21 products
facial moisturizer/treatment20 products
bronzer/highlighter19 products
facial powder18 products
serums & essences17 products
hair styling aide17 products
exfoliant/scrub15 products
makeup remover15 products
mask14 products
baby shampoo13 products
styling gel/lotion11 products
bubble bath10 products
antiperspirant/deodorant9 products
hair treatment/serum8 products
body firming lotion8 products
baby soap7 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)7 products
brow liner7 products
around-eye cream6 products
detangler6 products
toners/astringents6 products
lipstick5 products
BB cream5 products
hand cream5 products
foot moisturizer4 products
sunless tanning4 products
eye liner4 products
after sun product4 products
beach & sport sunscreen4 products
after shave3 products
makeup primer3 products
beard care3 products
shaving cream3 products
eye makeup remover3 products
styling mousse/foam2 products
body spray2 products
eye shadow2 products
foot cleansing2 products
baby wipes1 products
mouthwash1 products
bath oil/salts/soak1 products
baby lotion1 products
anti-aging1 products
nail treatment1 products
hair spray1 products
depilatory1 products
cuticle treatment1 products
hair relaxer1 products
fragrance for men1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products

Enhanced skin absorption

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Concern Reference
Penetration enhancerCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Occupational hazards

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Concern Reference
Allowed workplace exposures restricted to low dosesCPS&Q - Classification & Labelling

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Limited evidence of eye toxicityCPS&Q - Classification & Labelling
Classified as expected to be toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
3889 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • CPS&Q (Consumer Products Safety & Quality) formely known as ECB (European Chemicals Bureau). 2008. Classification and Labelling: Chemicals: Annex VI of Directive 67/548/EEC through the 31st ATP.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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