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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Enhanced skin absorption, Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate), and Occupational hazards (high)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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shampoo341 products
body wash/cleanser306 products
foundation191 products
liquid hand soap174 products
conditioner127 products
facial cleanser84 products
bar soap80 products
mascara69 products
hair color and bleaching62 products
hair styling aide48 products
exfoliant/scrub47 products
moisturizer45 products
facial moisturizer/treatment45 products
daily use with SPF40 products
blush35 products
body firming lotion33 products
styling gel/lotion32 products
mask30 products
serums & essences29 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)26 products
concealer26 products
facial powder23 products
makeup remover21 products
bronzer/highlighter20 products
baby shampoo20 products
antiperspirant/deodorant19 products
bubble bath16 products
around-eye cream16 products
after sun product14 products
makeup primer14 products
baby soap13 products
hair treatment/serum13 products
toners/astringents11 products
detangler11 products
eye liner10 products
brow liner10 products
after shave8 products
recreational sunscreen8 products
hand cream8 products
lipstick8 products
BB cream8 products
foot moisturizer7 products
foot cleansing7 products
eye shadow7 products
eye makeup remover7 products
anti-aging6 products
beard care6 products
sunless tanning5 products
hair spray5 products
bath oil/salts/soak4 products
shaving cream (men's)4 products
styling mousse/foam4 products
shaving cream4 products
4 products
baby wipes3 products
beard cleanser3 products
body spray2 products
mouthwash2 products
fragrance for men1 products
baby lotion1 products
cuticle treatment1 products
baby oil1 products
nail treatment1 products
hair relaxer1 products
tooth whitening1 products
depilatory1 products
baby sunscreen1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products
setting powder/spray1 products
tanning oil1 products
body oil1 products
polish remover1 products

Enhanced skin absorption

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Concern Reference
Penetration enhancerCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Occupational hazards

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Concern Reference
Allowed workplace exposures restricted to low dosesCPS&Q - Classification & Labelling

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Limited evidence of eye toxicityCPS&Q - Classification & Labelling
Classified as expected to be toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
3889 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • CPS&Q (Consumer Products Safety & Quality) formely known as ECB (European Chemicals Bureau). 2008. Classification and Labelling: Chemicals: Annex VI of Directive 67/548/EEC through the 31st ATP.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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