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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Enhanced skin absorption, Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate), and Occupational hazards (high)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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shampoo208 products
body wash/cleanser189 products
foundation185 products
liquid hand soap119 products
conditioner75 products
facial cleanser60 products
mascara59 products
hair color and bleaching58 products
bar soap48 products
concealer39 products
facial moisturizer/treatment35 products
blush33 products
exfoliant/scrub27 products
moisturizer26 products
serums & essences25 products
hair styling aide25 products
moisturizer with SPF23 products
facial powder22 products
mask22 products
styling gel/lotion21 products
bronzer/highlighter19 products
makeup remover16 products
bubble bath15 products
baby shampoo15 products
makeup primer14 products
around-eye cream14 products
hair treatment/serum11 products
eye liner10 products
brow liner10 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)9 products
body firming lotion9 products
toners/astringents9 products
antiperspirant/deodorant9 products
baby soap8 products
after sun product8 products
detangler8 products
lipstick8 products
foot moisturizer6 products
eye shadow6 products
hand cream6 products
beard care6 products
BB cream5 products
after shave4 products
beach & sport sunscreen4 products
eye makeup remover4 products
hair spray4 products
makeup with SPF4 products
anti-aging3 products
bath oil/salts/soak3 products
foot cleansing3 products
styling mousse/foam3 products
shaving cream3 products
mouthwash2 products
baby wipes2 products
sunless tanning2 products
body spray2 products
fragrance for men1 products
baby lotion1 products
cuticle treatment1 products
nail treatment1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products
hair relaxer1 products
depilatory1 products
1 products
beard cleanser1 products

Enhanced skin absorption

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Concern Reference
Penetration enhancerCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Occupational hazards

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Concern Reference
Allowed workplace exposures restricted to low dosesCPS&Q - Classification & Labelling

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Limited evidence of eye toxicityCPS&Q - Classification & Labelling
Classified as expected to be toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
3889 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • CPS&Q (Consumer Products Safety & Quality) formely known as ECB (European Chemicals Bureau). 2008. Classification and Labelling: Chemicals: Annex VI of Directive 67/548/EEC through the 31st ATP.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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