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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Enhanced skin absorption, Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate), and Occupational hazards (high)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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shampoo119 products
body wash/cleanser106 products
moisturizer with SPF71 products
liquid hand soap62 products
conditioner33 products
blush32 products
facial cleanser30 products
mascara26 products
bar soap25 products
foundation24 products
facial moisturizer/treatment21 products
bronzer/highlighter18 products
hair color and bleaching17 products
concealer16 products
serums & essences16 products
makeup remover15 products
moisturizer14 products
beach & sport sunscreen11 products
hair styling aide11 products
baby shampoo6 products
antiperspirant/deodorant6 products
toners/astringents6 products
exfoliant/scrub5 products
bubble bath5 products
detangler5 products
facial powder5 products
brow liner5 products
around-eye cream4 products
baby soap4 products
lipstick4 products
mask4 products
styling gel/lotion4 products
hand cream4 products
makeup with SPF4 products
eye liner3 products
hair treatment/serum3 products
beard care3 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)3 products
after sun product3 products
eye makeup remover3 products
sunless tanning2 products
after shave2 products
anti-aging2 products
styling mousse/foam2 products
makeup primer2 products
shaving cream2 products
body firming lotion2 products
baby sunscreen2 products
baby wipes1 products
mouthwash1 products
bath oil/salts/soak1 products
baby lotion1 products
body spray1 products
BB cream1 products
Facial Sun Care1 products
fragrance for men1 products
Oils & Serums1 products

Enhanced skin absorption

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Concern Reference
Penetration enhancerCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Occupational hazards

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Concern Reference
Allowed workplace exposures restricted to low dosesCPS&Q - Classification & Labelling

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Limited evidence of eye toxicityCPS&Q - Classification & Labelling
Classified as expected to be toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
3889 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • CPS&Q (Consumer Products Safety & Quality) formely known as ECB (European Chemicals Bureau). 2008. Classification and Labelling: Chemicals: Annex VI of Directive 67/548/EEC through the 31st ATP.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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