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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Enhanced skin absorption, Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate), and Occupational hazards (high)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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body wash/cleanser564 products
shampoo474 products
liquid hand soap332 products
bar soap267 products
foundation265 products
conditioner186 products
facial cleanser131 products
moisturizer117 products
exfoliant/scrub109 products
mascara87 products
hair color and bleaching87 products
facial moisturizer/treatment76 products
hair styling aide58 products
mask53 products
styling gel/lotion50 products
concealer46 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)41 products
bubble bath38 products
antiperspirant/deodorant36 products
hair treatment/serum34 products
facial powder33 products
daily use with SPF30 products
eye liner29 products
baby shampoo28 products
serums & essences27 products
bronzer/highlighter24 products
hand cream23 products
around-eye cream21 products
makeup remover20 products
baby soap20 products
blush17 products
bath oil/salts/soak16 products
after sun product16 products
body firming lotion15 products
toners/astringents14 products
setting powder/spray14 products
14 products
brow liner13 products
detangler11 products
makeup primer9 products
foot moisturizer8 products
sunless tanning7 products
anti-aging7 products
foot cleansing7 products
eye makeup remover7 products
BB cream7 products
hand sanitizer6 products
lipstick6 products
beard care6 products
baby wipes5 products
hair spray5 products
beard cleanser5 products
after shave4 products
recreational sunscreen4 products
shaving cream4 products
hair-loss treatment4 products
baby bubble bath3 products
styling mousse/foam3 products
baby lotion3 products
muscle/joint soreness3 products
nail treatment3 products
mouthwash3 products
other eye makeup3 products
eye shadow2 products
skin fading/lightener2 products
oil controller2 products
fragrance for men2 products
cuticle treatment2 products
damaged skin treatment2 products
shaving cream (men's)1 products
fragrance for women1 products
baby oil1 products
lip balm1 products
glitter1 products
tooth whitening1 products
body powder1 products
depilatory1 products
tanning oil1 products
polish remover1 products
vapor rubs1 products
eyelash glue1 products

Enhanced skin absorption

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Concern Reference
Penetration enhancerCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Occupational hazards

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Concern Reference
Allowed workplace exposures restricted to low dosesCPS&Q - Classification & Labelling

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Limited evidence of eye toxicityCPS&Q - Classification & Labelling
Classified as expected to be toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
3889 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • CPS&Q (Consumer Products Safety & Quality) formely known as ECB (European Chemicals Bureau). 2008. Classification and Labelling: Chemicals: Annex VI of Directive 67/548/EEC through the 31st ATP.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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