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IRON OXIDES

Score:

Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Enhanced skin absorption, Persistence and bioaccumulation (high), and Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low)

Cancer

Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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lipstick7218 products
foundation6404 products
eye shadow3899 products
concealer3102 products
lip gloss2116 products
bronzer/highlighter1940 products
eye liner1873 products
brow liner1688 products
blush1657 products
facial powder1218 products
lip liner1062 products
mascara999 products
lip balm841 products
nail polish666 products
daily use with SPF577 products
makeup primer357 products
setting powder/spray291 products
CC cream266 products
BB cream246 products
mask187 products
hair color and bleaching152 products
151 products
lip plumper150 products
recreational sunscreen140 products
bar soap131 products
around-eye cream99 products
facial moisturizer/treatment92 products
exfoliant/scrub87 products
serums & essences72 products
glitter69 products
shampoo68 products
lip balm with SPF65 products
other eye makeup64 products
body wash/cleanser60 products
facial cleanser50 products
bath oil/salts/soak48 products
moisturizer34 products
anti-aging24 products
hair styling aide24 products
body oil21 products
sunless tanning16 products
conditioner14 products
body firming lotion8 products
eyelash glue8 products
hair treatment/serum8 products
body art8 products
depilatory7 products
nail treatment7 products
skin fading/lightener7 products
pore strips7 products
foot cleansing6 products
fragrance for women6 products
styling gel/lotion5 products
toners/astringents5 products
body spray5 products
fragrance for men4 products
bubble bath4 products
oil controller3 products
styling mousse/foam3 products
hand sanitizer3 products
muscle/joint soreness3 products
baby sunscreen3 products
toothpaste2 products
liquid hand soap2 products
hair spray2 products
body powder2 products
makeup remover2 products
tanning oil2 products
hand cream1 products
hair-loss treatment1 products
after sun product1 products
mouthwash1 products
nail glue1 products
shaving cream (men's)1 products
vapor rubs1 products

Enhanced skin absorption

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Concern Reference
Suspected nano-scale ingredients with potential to absorb into the skinNanomaterial Database

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Persistent, bioaccumulative in wildlife and humansNational Library of Medicine HazMap
Persistent, bioaccumulative in wildlifeNational Library of Medicine HazMap
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Limited evidence of respiratory toxicityKlaassen, C, M. Amdur and J. Doull (eds.). Casarett and Doull
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Cancer

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Concern Reference
Limited or incomplete evidence of cancer according to safety/hazard data – government assessment cannot classify as human carcinogen due to data gapsWorld Health Organization, International Agency for Research on Cancer IARC Monographs Programme on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans. Lists of Group 1, 2a, and 2b substances can be obtained. http://monographs.iarc.fr/ENG/Classification/index.php; Vol 1, Suppl. 7 ;1987

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
9326 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Ecotoxicology

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food

Informational

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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color additive approved by FDA for use in cosmeticsFDA Color Additive Status
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color Additives - Exempt from Batch Certification by the U.S. Food and Drug AdministrationCTFA International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook

Data Sources

  • NanoWerk. 2007. Nanomaterial Database. Available online: http://www.nanowerk.com/phpscripts/n_dbsearch.php
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2006. HazMap — Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Agents.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • Klaassen, C, M. Amdur and J. Doull (eds.). Casarett and Doull
  • World Health Organization, International Agency for Research on Cancer IARC Monographs Programme on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans. Lists of Group 1, 2a, and 2b substances can be obtained. http://monographs.iarc.fr/ENG/Classification/index.php; Vol 1, Suppl. 7 ;1987
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. Color Additive Status List. September 2006.
  • CTFA (Cosmetic, Toiletry and Fragrance Association). 2006. International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook, 11th Edition. Color Additive Information. Washington, DC.

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