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IRON OXIDES

Score:

Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Enhanced skin absorption, Persistence and bioaccumulation (high), and Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low)

Cancer

Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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lipstick4403 products
foundation3562 products
eye shadow2029 products
concealer1677 products
bronzer/highlighter1127 products
blush947 products
eye liner924 products
lip gloss915 products
brow liner683 products
lip liner645 products
facial powder609 products
mascara410 products
nail polish307 products
moisturizer with SPF287 products
lip balm275 products
makeup primer167 products
BB cream109 products
beach & sport sunscreen88 products
CC cream84 products
hair color and bleaching80 products
mask72 products
serums & essences49 products
other eye makeup38 products
bar soap37 products
facial moisturizer/treatment35 products
exfoliant/scrub31 products
lip plumper31 products
around-eye cream28 products
lip balm with SPF28 products
body wash/cleanser26 products
facial cleanser20 products
shampoo20 products
bath oil/salts/soak20 products
glitter18 products
moisturizer12 products
hair styling aide10 products
makeup with SPF9 products
nail treatment9 products
7 products
body oil6 products
anti-aging5 products
fragrance for women5 products
styling gel/lotion4 products
eyelash glue4 products
depilatory4 products
fragrance for men4 products
conditioner3 products
body firming lotion3 products
foot cleansing3 products
body spray2 products
pore strips2 products
oil controller2 products
hair treatment/serum2 products
hair spray1 products
tanning oil1 products
mouthwash1 products
baby sunscreen1 products
bubble bath1 products
toothpaste1 products
sunless tanning1 products
toners/astringents1 products
shaving cream1 products
makeup remover1 products

Enhanced skin absorption

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Concern Reference
Suspected nano-scale ingredients with potential to absorb into the skinNanomaterial Database

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Persistent, bioaccumulative in wildlife and humansNational Library of Medicine HazMap
Persistent, bioaccumulative in wildlifeNational Library of Medicine HazMap
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Limited evidence of respiratory toxicityKlaassen, C, M. Amdur and J. Doull (eds.). Casarett and Doull
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Cancer

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Concern Reference
Limited or incomplete evidence of cancer according to safety/hazard data – government assessment cannot classify as human carcinogen due to data gapsWorld Health Organization, International Agency for Research on Cancer IARC Monographs Programme on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans. Lists of Group 1, 2a, and 2b substances can be obtained. http://monographs.iarc.fr/ENG/Classification/index.php; Vol 1, Suppl. 7 ;1987

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
9326 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Ecotoxicology

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food

Informational

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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color additive approved by FDA for use in cosmeticsFDA Color Additive Status
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color Additives - Exempt from Batch Certification by the U.S. Food and Drug AdministrationCTFA International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook

Data Sources

  • NanoWerk. 2007. Nanomaterial Database. Available online: http://www.nanowerk.com/phpscripts/n_dbsearch.php
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2006. HazMap — Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Agents.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • Klaassen, C, M. Amdur and J. Doull (eds.). Casarett and Doull
  • World Health Organization, International Agency for Research on Cancer IARC Monographs Programme on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans. Lists of Group 1, 2a, and 2b substances can be obtained. http://monographs.iarc.fr/ENG/Classification/index.php; Vol 1, Suppl. 7 ;1987
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. Color Additive Status List. September 2006.
  • CTFA (Cosmetic, Toiletry and Fragrance Association). 2006. International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook, 11th Edition. Color Additive Information. Washington, DC.

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