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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Enhanced skin absorption, Persistence and bioaccumulation (high), and Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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lipstick7528 products
foundation7458 products
eye shadow3857 products
concealer3743 products
lip gloss2355 products
brow liner2269 products
eye liner2218 products
bronzer/highlighter1893 products
blush1793 products
lip liner1273 products
facial powder1118 products
mascara1101 products
lip balm966 products
nail polish861 products
daily use with SPF520 products
makeup primer329 products
setting powder/spray329 products
CC cream319 products
BB cream287 products
mask212 products
190 products
hair color and bleaching170 products
bar soap164 products
lip plumper164 products
recreational sunscreen142 products
facial moisturizer/treatment115 products
lip balm with SPF113 products
exfoliant/scrub106 products
around-eye cream95 products
shampoo81 products
serums & essences78 products
glitter65 products
body wash/cleanser56 products
facial cleanser54 products
bath oil/salts/soak50 products
moisturizer44 products
anti-aging32 products
hair styling aide29 products
body oil24 products
sunless tanning22 products
conditioner13 products
other eye makeup9 products
nail treatment8 products
hair treatment/serum8 products
skin fading/lightener7 products
eyelash glue7 products
styling gel/lotion6 products
pore strips6 products
bubble bath6 products
oil controller5 products
body firming lotion5 products
makeup remover5 products
body art5 products
hair spray4 products
toners/astringents4 products
body spray4 products
fragrance for men4 products
liquid hand soap3 products
depilatory3 products
body powder3 products
hand sanitizer3 products
muscle/joint soreness3 products
baby sunscreen3 products
foot cleansing2 products
styling mousse/foam2 products
nail glue2 products
toothpaste1 products
hand cream1 products
hair-loss treatment1 products
shaving cream1 products
tanning oil1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products
after shave1 products
antiperspirant/deodorant1 products
shaving cream (men's)1 products

Enhanced skin absorption

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Concern Reference
Suspected nano-scale ingredients with potential to absorb into the skinNanomaterial Database

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Persistent, bioaccumulative in wildlife and humansNational Library of Medicine HazMap
Persistent, bioaccumulative in wildlifeNational Library of Medicine HazMap
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Limited evidence of respiratory Toxicity Information
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
9326 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color Additives - Exempt from Batch Certification by the U.S. Food and Drug AdministrationCTFA International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color additive approved by FDA for use in cosmeticsFDA Color Additive Status


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Concern Reference
Limited or incomplete evidence of cancer according to safety/hazard data – government assessment cannot classify as human carcinogen due to data gapsInt'l Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) - Carcinogens

Data Sources

  • NanoWerk. 2007. Nanomaterial Database. Available online:
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2006. HazMap — Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Agents.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • ED (Environmental Defense). 2006. Scorecard _ The Pollution Information Site.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • CTFA (Cosmetic, Toiletry and Fragrance Association). 2006. International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook, 11th Edition. Color Additive Information. Washington, DC.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. Color Additive Status List. September 2006.
  • IARC (International Agency for Research on Cancer). 2008. Overall Evaluations of Carcinogenicity to Humans, as evaluated in IARC Monographs Volumes 1-99 (a total of 935 agents, mixtures and exposures).


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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