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IRON OXIDES

Score:

Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Enhanced skin absorption, Persistence and bioaccumulation (high), and Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low)

Cancer

Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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lipstick5702 products
foundation5475 products
eye shadow3229 products
concealer2442 products
bronzer/highlighter1556 products
eye liner1431 products
lip gloss1322 products
blush1279 products
brow liner1235 products
facial powder883 products
lip liner775 products
mascara692 products
daily use with SPF422 products
lip balm387 products
nail polish298 products
makeup primer276 products
setting powder/spray213 products
BB cream179 products
mask144 products
CC cream143 products
135 products
recreational sunscreen131 products
hair color and bleaching117 products
lip plumper82 products
serums & essences79 products
facial moisturizer/treatment74 products
bar soap72 products
exfoliant/scrub67 products
lip balm with SPF57 products
other eye makeup57 products
glitter47 products
shampoo44 products
facial cleanser42 products
body wash/cleanser41 products
around-eye cream38 products
moisturizer24 products
anti-aging23 products
bath oil/salts/soak21 products
hair styling aide13 products
conditioner10 products
body oil9 products
depilatory6 products
body firming lotion6 products
hair treatment/serum6 products
fragrance for women6 products
pore strips6 products
body spray5 products
eyelash glue5 products
styling gel/lotion4 products
nail treatment4 products
fragrance for men4 products
foot cleansing3 products
bubble bath3 products
oil controller2 products
hair spray2 products
toners/astringents2 products
styling mousse/foam2 products
tanning oil2 products
baby sunscreen2 products
toothpaste1 products
liquid hand soap1 products
sunless tanning1 products
body powder1 products
makeup remover1 products
after sun product1 products
hand sanitizer1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products
mouthwash1 products
shaving cream (men's)1 products

Enhanced skin absorption

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Concern Reference
Suspected nano-scale ingredients with potential to absorb into the skinNanomaterial Database

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Persistent, bioaccumulative in wildlife and humansNational Library of Medicine HazMap
Persistent, bioaccumulative in wildlifeNational Library of Medicine HazMap
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Limited evidence of respiratory toxicityKlaassen, C, M. Amdur and J. Doull (eds.). Casarett and Doull
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Cancer

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Concern Reference
Limited or incomplete evidence of cancer according to safety/hazard data – government assessment cannot classify as human carcinogen due to data gapsWorld Health Organization, International Agency for Research on Cancer IARC Monographs Programme on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans. Lists of Group 1, 2a, and 2b substances can be obtained. http://monographs.iarc.fr/ENG/Classification/index.php; Vol 1, Suppl. 7 ;1987

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
9326 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Ecotoxicology

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food

Informational

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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color additive approved by FDA for use in cosmeticsFDA Color Additive Status
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color Additives - Exempt from Batch Certification by the U.S. Food and Drug AdministrationCTFA International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook

Data Sources

  • NanoWerk. 2007. Nanomaterial Database. Available online: http://www.nanowerk.com/phpscripts/n_dbsearch.php
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2006. HazMap — Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Agents.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • Klaassen, C, M. Amdur and J. Doull (eds.). Casarett and Doull
  • World Health Organization, International Agency for Research on Cancer IARC Monographs Programme on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans. Lists of Group 1, 2a, and 2b substances can be obtained. http://monographs.iarc.fr/ENG/Classification/index.php; Vol 1, Suppl. 7 ;1987
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. Color Additive Status List. September 2006.
  • CTFA (Cosmetic, Toiletry and Fragrance Association). 2006. International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook, 11th Edition. Color Additive Information. Washington, DC.

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