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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (high)


Cancer concern is MODERATE

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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moisturizer17 products
body wash/cleanser16 products
liquid hand soap13 products
conditioner10 products
exfoliant/scrub9 products
shampoo9 products
styling gel/lotion7 products
lip balm6 products
hair treatment/serum6 products
facial moisturizer/treatment4 products
hair styling aide4 products
body firming lotion3 products
mask3 products
serums & essences2 products
shaving cream2 products
bubble bath2 products
makeup primer1 products
tanning oil1 products
baby shampoo1 products
oil controller1 products
baby soap1 products
daily use with SPF1 products
sunless tanning1 products
toners/astringents1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products
bar soap1 products
styling mousse/foam1 products
after sun product1 products
bath oil/salts/soak1 products
hand sanitizer1 products
lip balm with SPF1 products

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Known human any toxicantOpen scientific literature
Known human any toxicantOpen scientific literature
Limited evidence of any toxicityFDA Dietary Supplement Concerns


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Concern Reference
Possible human carcinogenOpen scientific literature
One or more animal studies show tumor formation at low dosesOpen scientific literature
One or more in vitro tests on mammalian cells show positive mutation resultsOpen scientific literature

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
69 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Data Sources

  • Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 1993. Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. Unsubstantiated Claims and Documented Health Hazards in the Dietary Supplement Marketplace. Illnesses and Injuries Associated With the Use of Selected Dietary Supplements.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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