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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (moderate)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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conditioner531 products
antiperspirant/deodorant251 products
moisturizer235 products
facial moisturizer/treatment184 products
body firming lotion102 products
hair treatment/serum101 products
shampoo89 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)89 products
hair color and bleaching88 products
foundation67 products
daily use with SPF67 products
hand cream58 products
hair styling aide58 products
facial cleanser58 products
mask51 products
recreational sunscreen49 products
around-eye cream41 products
baby lotion32 products
exfoliant/scrub32 products
mascara27 products
anti-aging25 products
shaving cream24 products
styling gel/lotion22 products
lipstick19 products
BB cream15 products
serums & essences15 products
concealer11 products
foot moisturizer10 products
makeup primer10 products
10 products
body wash/cleanser10 products
hair-loss treatment9 products
beard care9 products
sunless tanning7 products
detangler6 products
shaving cream (men's)5 products
baby sunscreen5 products
after shave4 products
baby shampoo4 products
bar soap4 products
styling mousse/foam4 products
CC cream4 products
makeup remover3 products
lip balm2 products
toners/astringents2 products
lip balm with SPF2 products
beard oil2 products
bronzer/highlighter2 products
damaged skin treatment2 products
after sun product2 products
skin fading/lightener2 products
brow liner2 products
baby soap1 products
body oil1 products
blush1 products
beard cleanser1 products
diaper cream1 products
cuticle treatment1 products
body spray1 products
oil controller1 products
muscle/joint soreness1 products
depilatory1 products

Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)

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Concern Reference
Human any irritant - strong evidenceCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments


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Concern Reference
Suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
255 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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