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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (moderate)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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conditioner569 products
antiperspirant/deodorant313 products
moisturizer305 products
facial moisturizer/treatment205 products
hair treatment/serum126 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)117 products
hair color and bleaching84 products
hand cream78 products
foundation72 products
shampoo72 products
facial cleanser67 products
daily use with SPF67 products
hair styling aide60 products
mask57 products
body firming lotion55 products
around-eye cream42 products
recreational sunscreen41 products
baby lotion33 products
exfoliant/scrub31 products
styling gel/lotion23 products
shaving cream23 products
anti-aging22 products
hair-loss treatment20 products
lipstick19 products
mascara19 products
foot moisturizer15 products
BB cream15 products
concealer15 products
serums & essences13 products
beard care11 products
body wash/cleanser10 products
detangler9 products
makeup primer8 products
sunless tanning7 products
5 products
baby sunscreen5 products
after shave4 products
bar soap3 products
styling mousse/foam3 products
damaged skin treatment3 products
cuticle treatment3 products
toners/astringents3 products
shaving cream (men's)2 products
baby shampoo2 products
lip balm with SPF2 products
makeup remover2 products
brow liner2 products
lip balm2 products
beard oil2 products
setting powder/spray1 products
diaper cream1 products
baby soap1 products
foot cleansing1 products
beard cleanser1 products
CC cream1 products
hair spray1 products
muscle/joint soreness1 products
after sun product1 products
nail treatment1 products
oil controller1 products
skin fading/lightener1 products

Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)

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Concern Reference
Human any irritant - strong evidenceCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments


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Concern Reference
Suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
255 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer