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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (moderate)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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conditioner436 products
moisturizer196 products
antiperspirant/deodorant172 products
facial moisturizer/treatment146 products
body firming lotion89 products
hair treatment/serum77 products
hair color and bleaching76 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)72 products
shampoo70 products
foundation66 products
daily use with SPF57 products
facial cleanser51 products
hair styling aide46 products
recreational sunscreen45 products
mask43 products
hand cream40 products
around-eye cream31 products
baby lotion30 products
exfoliant/scrub29 products
serums & essences27 products
mascara22 products
anti-aging21 products
lipstick17 products
styling gel/lotion16 products
shaving cream16 products
BB cream11 products
makeup primer10 products
9 products
baby sunscreen7 products
beard care7 products
body wash/cleanser6 products
hair-loss treatment6 products
foot moisturizer6 products
sunless tanning6 products
shaving cream (men's)5 products
CC cream4 products
baby shampoo4 products
detangler4 products
styling mousse/foam4 products
bronzer/highlighter3 products
makeup remover3 products
lip balm3 products
bath oil/salts/soak3 products
after shave3 products
bar soap2 products
concealer2 products
after sun product2 products
lip balm with SPF2 products
toners/astringents2 products
brow liner2 products
cuticle treatment2 products
damaged skin treatment2 products
diaper cream1 products
body oil1 products
baby soap1 products
blush1 products
hair spray1 products
nail treatment1 products
skin fading/lightener1 products
oil controller1 products
depilatory1 products

Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)

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Concern Reference
Human any irritant - strong evidenceCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments


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Concern Reference
Suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
255 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer