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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
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  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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moisturizer300 products
foundation242 products
mascara176 products
facial moisturizer/treatment155 products
moisturizer with SPF146 products
beach & sport sunscreen104 products
lipstick90 products
body wash/cleanser76 products
brow liner70 products
mask65 products
facial cleanser65 products
exfoliant/scrub58 products
hand cream49 products
body firming lotion45 products
eye liner43 products
bar soap41 products
shaving cream39 products
BB cream39 products
around-eye cream38 products
eye shadow37 products
lip balm35 products
serums & essences34 products
concealer31 products
anti-aging21 products
shaving cream (men's)21 products
shampoo21 products
lip liner21 products
antiperspirant/deodorant19 products
bronzer/highlighter17 products
baby lotion17 products
makeup primer16 products
foot moisturizer15 products
conditioner15 products
lip gloss14 products
baby sunscreen14 products
liquid hand soap13 products
CC cream12 products
hair styling aide12 products
after shave9 products
blush9 products
lip balm with SPF7 products
baby shampoo5 products
hair treatment/serum5 products
sunless tanning5 products
3 products
oil controller3 products
makeup with SPF3 products
baby soap3 products
bubble bath3 products
styling gel/lotion3 products
cuticle treatment3 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)3 products
foot cleansing2 products
toners/astringents2 products
other eye makeup2 products
beard care2 products
facial powder2 products
body oil2 products
after sun product1 products
eye makeup remover1 products
bath oil/salts/soak1 products
eyelash glue1 products
body art1 products
hair color and bleaching1 products
muscle/joint soreness1 products
makeup remover1 products


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Concern Reference
Suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
4584 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not likely to be carcinogenic in humansauthor communication

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • author communication
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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