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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
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  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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moisturizer265 products
mascara146 products
moisturizer with SPF146 products
foundation143 products
facial moisturizer/treatment141 products
beach & sport sunscreen103 products
facial cleanser61 products
body wash/cleanser60 products
mask59 products
lipstick57 products
brow liner52 products
hand cream44 products
exfoliant/scrub40 products
BB cream39 products
shaving cream36 products
eye shadow36 products
around-eye cream35 products
body firming lotion35 products
serums & essences33 products
bar soap32 products
eye liner32 products
lip balm32 products
anti-aging21 products
shampoo20 products
shaving cream (men's)19 products
antiperspirant/deodorant18 products
baby lotion16 products
baby sunscreen15 products
conditioner14 products
makeup primer14 products
lip gloss13 products
bronzer/highlighter13 products
foot moisturizer12 products
liquid hand soap12 products
CC cream12 products
blush8 products
after shave8 products
lip liner8 products
hair styling aide8 products
lip balm with SPF7 products
concealer7 products
baby shampoo5 products
sunless tanning4 products
styling gel/lotion3 products
makeup with SPF3 products
baby soap3 products
bubble bath3 products
hair treatment/serum3 products
oil controller3 products
cuticle treatment2 products
makeup remover2 products
other eye makeup2 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)2 products
facial powder2 products
toners/astringents2 products
foot cleansing2 products
bath oil/salts/soak1 products
hair color and bleaching1 products
muscle/joint soreness1 products
beard care1 products
eye makeup remover1 products
body oil1 products
eyelash glue1 products
body art1 products


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Concern Reference
Suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
4584 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not likely to be carcinogenic in humansauthor communication

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • author communication
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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