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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
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  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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moisturizer580 products
mascara323 products
facial moisturizer/treatment309 products
foundation281 products
daily use with SPF209 products
body firming lotion199 products
recreational sunscreen164 products
body wash/cleanser157 products
hand cream143 products
facial cleanser139 products
lip balm136 products
brow liner134 products
shaving cream131 products
bar soap129 products
exfoliant/scrub127 products
mask112 products
lipstick105 products
around-eye cream71 products
eye liner57 products
eye shadow55 products
shaving cream (men's)51 products
anti-aging48 products
BB cream48 products
baby lotion47 products
concealer47 products
serums & essences42 products
makeup primer36 products
antiperspirant/deodorant33 products
baby sunscreen31 products
shampoo29 products
foot moisturizer28 products
conditioner28 products
liquid hand soap28 products
lip gloss26 products
sunless tanning26 products
hair styling aide26 products
bronzer/highlighter25 products
CC cream20 products
lip liner19 products
hair treatment/serum19 products
16 products
after shave15 products
blush14 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)12 products
after sun product10 products
bath oil/salts/soak9 products
baby soap8 products
beard care8 products
styling gel/lotion7 products
baby shampoo7 products
lip balm with SPF7 products
bubble bath7 products
muscle/joint soreness6 products
foot cleansing5 products
hair color and bleaching4 products
oil controller4 products
skin fading/lightener4 products
toners/astringents4 products
makeup remover4 products
body oil4 products
hand sanitizer4 products
cuticle treatment3 products
tanning oil3 products
other eye makeup3 products
toothpaste3 products
nail treatment2 products
styling mousse/foam2 products
facial powder2 products
foot odor control2 products
fragrance for women1 products
baby bubble bath1 products
eye makeup remover1 products
eyelash glue1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products
body art1 products
setting powder/spray1 products


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Concern Reference
Suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
4584 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not likely to be carcinogenic in humansauthor communication

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • author communication
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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