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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
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  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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moisturizer403 products
foundation252 products
mascara227 products
facial moisturizer/treatment205 products
moisturizer with SPF149 products
body wash/cleanser123 products
body firming lotion108 products
beach & sport sunscreen103 products
brow liner100 products
lipstick92 products
facial cleanser89 products
exfoliant/scrub88 products
mask86 products
shaving cream85 products
hand cream76 products
bar soap73 products
eye liner50 products
around-eye cream47 products
BB cream44 products
eye shadow41 products
shaving cream (men's)39 products
serums & essences36 products
anti-aging36 products
lip balm35 products
concealer32 products
baby lotion29 products
shampoo25 products
makeup primer23 products
conditioner22 products
lip liner21 products
bronzer/highlighter21 products
antiperspirant/deodorant20 products
hair styling aide19 products
foot moisturizer18 products
liquid hand soap15 products
lip gloss14 products
CC cream14 products
baby sunscreen14 products
sunless tanning10 products
after shave10 products
blush10 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)9 products
hair treatment/serum8 products
8 products
styling gel/lotion6 products
foot cleansing6 products
baby soap6 products
baby shampoo6 products
lip balm with SPF6 products
beard care6 products
body oil5 products
after sun product4 products
bath oil/salts/soak4 products
hair color and bleaching3 products
cuticle treatment3 products
oil controller3 products
bubble bath3 products
fragrance for women2 products
muscle/joint soreness2 products
tanning oil2 products
facial powder2 products
hand sanitizer2 products
other eye makeup2 products
skin fading/lightener1 products
makeup remover1 products
body art1 products
toners/astringents1 products
eye makeup remover1 products
eyelash glue1 products


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Concern Reference
Suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
4584 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not likely to be carcinogenic in humansauthor communication

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • author communication
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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