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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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foundation156 products
moisturizer with SPF139 products
moisturizer130 products
beach & sport sunscreen127 products
facial moisturizer/treatment99 products
mascara91 products
lipstick52 products
brow liner47 products
hand cream37 products
serums & essences35 products
eye shadow34 products
BB cream34 products
facial cleanser31 products
around-eye cream29 products
eye liner27 products
mask24 products
exfoliant/scrub19 products
body wash/cleanser19 products
baby sunscreen19 products
shampoo18 products
bar soap15 products
bronzer/highlighter12 products
shaving cream12 products
lip liner11 products
concealer11 products
lip balm with SPF10 products
lip gloss10 products
baby lotion10 products
antiperspirant/deodorant10 products
CC cream9 products
anti-aging8 products
blush8 products
makeup primer8 products
body firming lotion7 products
foot moisturizer6 products
lip balm5 products
liquid hand soap4 products
shaving cream (men's)4 products
makeup remover3 products
styling gel/lotion2 products
conditioner2 products
makeup with SPF2 products
baby shampoo2 products
after shave2 products
facial powder2 products
eye makeup remover2 products
oil controller2 products
cuticle treatment1 products
bath oil/salts/soak1 products
other eye makeup1 products
after sun product1 products
toners/astringents1 products
sunless tanning1 products
body oil1 products
eyelash glue1 products
hair styling aide1 products


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Concern Reference
Suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
4584 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not likely to be carcinogenic in humansauthor communication

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • author communication
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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