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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Endocrine disruption (low)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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lipstick150 products
facial moisturizer/treatment138 products
foundation137 products
moisturizer with SPF132 products
serums & essences87 products
beach & sport sunscreen62 products
bronzer/highlighter58 products
moisturizer49 products
eye shadow47 products
concealer45 products
blush34 products
around-eye cream28 products
facial powder25 products
lip balm22 products
mask21 products
facial cleanser19 products
lip balm with SPF18 products
BB cream16 products
baby sunscreen15 products
anti-aging14 products
baby lotion10 products
makeup primer9 products
hand cream8 products
toners/astringents7 products
body firming lotion6 products
oil controller5 products
brow liner4 products
exfoliant/scrub4 products
conditioner4 products
hair treatment/serum4 products
sunless tanning3 products
body oil3 products
baby soap3 products
other eye makeup3 products
Facial Sun Care3 products
lip gloss3 products
makeup with SPF3 products
eye liner3 products
CC cream3 products
glitter2 products
shaving cream2 products
baby oil2 products
baby shampoo2 products
foot moisturizer1 products
makeup remover1 products
hair spray1 products
eye makeup remover1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products
vapor rubs1 products
baby wipes1 products
shampoo1 products
body wash/cleanser1 products
cuticle treatment1 products
muscle/joint soreness1 products
antiperspirant/deodorant1 products
hair styling aide1 products
beard oil1 products

Endocrine disruption

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Concern Reference
Human case studies indicate androgen disruption effectNational Toxicology Program (NTP)

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
288 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Uncertain environmental toxin and uncertain persistent or bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • National Toxicology Program (NTP)
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.


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