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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
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  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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moisturizer85 products
facial moisturizer/treatment69 products
daily use with SPF47 products
mask46 products
lipstick39 products
lip gloss29 products
recreational sunscreen28 products
bronzer/highlighter28 products
foundation27 products
eye shadow21 products
BB cream13 products
around-eye cream13 products
hair color and bleaching10 products
hand cream9 products
makeup primer9 products
mascara9 products
baby sunscreen9 products
shaving cream9 products
CC cream7 products
body firming lotion7 products
brow liner7 products
nail treatment6 products
facial cleanser6 products
eye liner6 products
serums & essences5 products
hair styling aide5 products
exfoliant/scrub5 products
lip balm5 products
blush5 products
body wash/cleanser4 products
conditioner4 products
shaving cream (men's)4 products
styling gel/lotion4 products
anti-aging3 products
antiperspirant/deodorant3 products
after shave3 products
foot cleansing2 products
hair treatment/serum2 products
foot moisturizer2 products
sunless tanning1 products
setting powder/spray1 products
body spray1 products
beard care1 products
makeup remover1 products
facial powder1 products
diaper cream1 products
baby lotion1 products
concealer1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products
toners/astringents1 products
1 products


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Concern Reference
Suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
277 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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