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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is MODERATE

Products with this Ingredient

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lipstick147 products
lip gloss88 products
eye shadow85 products
facial moisturizer/treatment71 products
shampoo69 products
conditioner64 products
moisturizer59 products
exfoliant/scrub57 products
facial cleanser55 products
foundation54 products
mask48 products
bronzer/highlighter47 products
hair treatment/serum47 products
eye liner46 products
body wash/cleanser45 products
hair styling aide44 products
blush40 products
mascara31 products
daily use with SPF30 products
styling gel/lotion28 products
serums & essences28 products
facial powder23 products
hand cream22 products
lip balm20 products
lip liner18 products
concealer18 products
around-eye cream16 products
brow liner15 products
makeup primer14 products
makeup remover13 products
liquid hand soap12 products
antiperspirant/deodorant11 products
toners/astringents9 products
hair spray8 products
after shave7 products
glitter7 products
7 products
setting powder/spray7 products
body firming lotion6 products
recreational sunscreen6 products
shaving cream (men's)6 products
anti-aging5 products
styling mousse/foam5 products
bubble bath5 products
after sun product4 products
baby shampoo4 products
sunless tanning4 products
baby lotion4 products
shaving cream4 products
detangler4 products
hair color and bleaching4 products
bar soap3 products
foot moisturizer3 products
BB cream3 products
baby toothpaste3 products
toothpaste2 products
lip balm with SPF2 products
baby soap2 products
damaged skin treatment2 products
baby wipes2 products
beard care2 products
body art2 products
nail polish1 products
muscle/joint soreness1 products
eye makeup remover1 products
depilatory1 products
hand sanitizer1 products
skin fading/lightener1 products
bath oil/salts/soak1 products
foot cleansing1 products
beard cleanser1 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)1 products
lip plumper1 products


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Concern Reference
Human skin toxicant or allergen - strong evidenceCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Limited evidence of sense organ Toxicity Information
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
1223 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • ED (Environmental Defense). 2006. Scorecard _ The Pollution Information Site.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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