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Data: Fair

Sodium Polyacrylate

  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met the program’s impurity and use restrictions based on EWG's review of the company's data.

IMAGE SOURCE: PubChem

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Other Concerns

Use restrictions (low), Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate), Multiple, additive exposure sources (low), and Contamination concerns (high)

SYNONYMS

● 2-PROPENOIC ACID, HOMOPOLYMER, SODIUM SALT
● 2PROPENOIC ACID, HOMOPOLYMER, SODIUM SALT
● ACRYLIC ACID HOMOPOLYMER SODIUM SALT
● HOMOPOLYMER SODIUM SALT 2-PROPENOIC ACID
● POLYACRYLIC ACID, SODIUM SALT
● PROPENOIC ACID, SODIUM CARBONATE POLYMER; SODIUM POLYACRYLATE
● SODIUM POLYACRYLATE
● SODIUM SALT 2-PROPENOIC ACID, HOMOPOLYMER
● SODIUM SALT POLYACRYLIC ACID

Restricted

Restricted: EWG VERIFIED products cannot contain this ingredient without adequate substantiation


Sodium Polyacrylate is a sodium salt of Polyacrylic Acid (q.v.).

Common concerns

See how this product scores for common concerns.

  • LOW
    Cancer
  • LOW
    Allergies & Immunotoxicity
  • LOW
    Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity
  • LOW
    Use Restrictions

Ingredient concerns

  • CONCERNS
  • DATA SOURCES

Products with this Ingredient

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facial moisturizer/treatment116 products
mask102 products
moisturizer71 products
recreational sunscreen60 products
around-eye cream45 products
serums & essences43 products
hand cream40 products
concealer25 products
foundation24 products
brow liner21 products
daily use with SPF17 products
eye liner15 products
facial cleanser14 products
makeup primer14 products
hair styling aide11 products
mascara9 products
styling gel/lotion9 products
shampoo8 products
anti-aging7 products
exfoliant/scrub7 products
hair treatment/serum6 products
eye shadow6 products
conditioner6 products
body firming lotion5 products
blush5 products
toners/astringents5 products
after shave4 products
foot moisturizer4 products
fragrance for men4 products
pore strips2 products
nail treatment2 products
baby sunscreen2 products
beard care2 products
after sun product2 products
baby lotion2 products
1 products
lipstick1 products
hair spray1 products
makeup remover1 products
skin fading/lightener1 products
bath oil/salts/soak1 products
setting powder/spray1 products
body wash/cleanser1 products
hand sanitizer1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products
muscle/joint soreness1 products
styling mousse/foam1 products
eyelash glue1 products
hair color and bleaching1 products
lip plumper1 products

Contamination concerns

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Chemical
ACRYLIC ACID

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Classified as expected to be toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as medium human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Used in food or as an additive with limited or no toxicity information availableFDA Everything Added to Food
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status

Use restrictions

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - Safe for use in cosmetics with some qualificationsCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data gaps

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Considered safe based on assumption of low absorptionCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
1640 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Ecotoxicology

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/%7Edms/opa-appa.html, Oct 16, 2006.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.

Understanding scores

Cosmetics and personal care products are not required to be tested for safety before being allowed on the market. The Skin Deep® scoring system was designed to help the public understand whether a product is safe to use or whether it contains ingredients of concern.

Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.

HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES

Hazard score

The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED® mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.

Score legend

Data availability

The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.

NONE LIMITED FAIR GOOD ROBUST
Low Availability
Moderate Availability
High Availability

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