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Data: Fair

Sodium Polyacrylate

IMAGE SOURCE: PubChem

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Other Concerns

Use restrictions (low), Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate), Multiple, additive exposure sources (low), and Contamination concerns (high)

SYNONYMS

2-PROPENOIC ACID, HOMOPOLYMER, SODIUM SALT, 2PROPENOIC ACID, HOMOPOLYMER, SODIUM SALT, ACRYLIC ACID HOMOPOLYMER SODIUM SALT, HOMOPOLYMER SODIUM SALT 2-PROPENOIC ACID, POLYACRYLIC ACID, SODIUM SALT, PROPENOIC ACID, SODIUM CARBONATE POLYMER; SODIUM POLYACRYLATE, SODIUM POLYACRYLATE, SODIUM SALT 2-PROPENOIC ACID, HOMOPOLYMER, and SODIUM SALT POLYACRYLIC ACID

Sodium Polyacrylate is a sodium salt of Polyacrylic Acid (q.v.).

Common concerns

See how this product scores for common concerns.

  • LOW
    Cancer
  • LOW
    Allergies & Immunotoxicity
  • LOW
    Developmental and Reingredientive Toxicity
  • LOW
    Use Restrictions

Ingredient concerns

  • CONCERNS
  • DATA SOURCES

Products with this Ingredient

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mask102 products
facial moisturizer/treatment79 products
recreational sunscreen55 products
moisturizer51 products
hand cream31 products
serums & essences30 products
around-eye cream27 products
concealer27 products
daily use with SPF26 products
foundation24 products
makeup primer18 products
brow liner14 products
eye liner13 products
eye shadow12 products
mascara12 products
blush11 products
anti-aging8 products
hair styling aide8 products
facial cleanser7 products
exfoliant/scrub6 products
body firming lotion4 products
foot moisturizer4 products
fragrance for men4 products
toners/astringents4 products
shampoo3 products
makeup remover3 products
after shave2 products
nail treatment2 products
hair treatment/serum2 products
hand sanitizer2 products
after sun product2 products
beard care2 products
setting powder/spray2 products
baby lotion1 products
skin fading/lightener1 products
baby sunscreen1 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products
pore strips1 products
styling gel/lotion1 products
lip balm1 products
foot cleansing1 products
bath oil/salts/soak1 products
lip plumper1 products
conditioner1 products

Contamination concerns

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Chemical
ACRYLIC ACID

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Classified as expected to be toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as medium human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Used in food or as an additive with limited or no toxicity information availableFDA Everything Added to Food
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status

Use restrictions

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - Safe for use in cosmetics with some qualificationsCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data gaps

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Considered safe based on assumption of low absorptionCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
1640 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Ecotoxicology

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/%7Edms/opa-appa.html, Oct 16, 2006.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.

Understanding scores

Cosmetics and personal care products are not required to be tested for safety before being allowed on the market. The Skin Deep® scoring system was designed to help the public understand whether a product is safe to use or whether it contains ingredients of concern.

Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.

HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES

Hazard score

The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED™ mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.

Score legend

Data availability

The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.

NONE LIMITED FAIR GOOD ROBUST
Low Availability
Moderate Availability
High Availability

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