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Data: Limited

Sodium Lactate

  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met use restrictions and warnings based on EWG review of company data.

IMAGE SOURCE: PubChem

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Other Concerns

Use restrictions (high)

SYNONYMS

● 2-HYDROXY PROPANOIC ACID, MONOSODIUM SALT
● 2-HYDROXY- MONOSODIUM SALT PROPANOIC ACID
● 2-HYDROXYPROPANOIC ACID, MONOSODIUM SALT
● MONOSODIUM SALT 2-HYDROXYPROPANOIC ACID
● MONOSODIUM SALT PROPANOIC ACID, 2-HYDROXY-
● PROPANOIC ACID, 2-HYDROXY-, MONOSODIUM SALT
● PROPANOIC ACID, 2HYDROXY, MONOSODIUM SALT
● SODIUM LACTATE
● SODIUM LACTATE SOLUTION
● SODIUMA -HYDROXYPROPIONATE

Restricted

Restricted: EWG VERIFIED products cannot contain this ingredient without adequate substantiation


Sodium Lactate is a sodium salt of lactic acid.

Common concerns

See how this product scores for common concerns.

  • LOW
    Cancer
  • LOW
    Allergies & Immunotoxicity
  • LOW
    Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity
  • HIGH
    Use Restrictions

Ingredient concerns

  • CONCERNS
  • DATA SOURCES

Products with this Ingredient

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foundation148 products
facial moisturizer/treatment81 products
serums & essences71 products
moisturizer57 products
shampoo53 products
daily use with SPF43 products
conditioner38 products
hair treatment/serum29 products
mask29 products
around-eye cream29 products
facial cleanser26 products
toners/astringents23 products
body wash/cleanser23 products
exfoliant/scrub16 products
hair styling aide16 products
liquid hand soap7 products
styling gel/lotion7 products
setting powder/spray6 products
concealer6 products
blush5 products
facial powder5 products
toothpaste5 products
makeup remover4 products
antiperspirant/deodorant4 products
anti-aging4 products
makeup primer4 products
lip balm3 products
hand cream3 products
sunless tanning3 products
body firming lotion3 products
hair color and bleaching3 products
hair spray3 products
mascara3 products
foot cleansing3 products
recreational sunscreen2 products
hair-loss treatment2 products
after sun product2 products
foot moisturizer2 products
body oil2 products
bar soap2 products
brow liner2 products
detangler2 products
lip gloss1 products
after shave1 products
baby soap1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products
facial cleansing wipes1 products
hand sanitizer1 products
eye makeup remover1 products
styling mousse/foam1 products
makeup removing wipes1 products
baby wipes1 products
other eye makeup1 products
eye shadow1 products
skin fading/lightener1 products
shaving cream1 products

Use restrictions

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Violation of industry recommendations - Restricted in cosmetics; use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Allowable pH limitsCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - Safe for use in cosmetics with some qualificationsCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data gaps

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
973 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Ecotoxicology

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food

Informational

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Allowable pH limitsCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/%7Edms/opa-appa.html, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.

Understanding scores

Cosmetics and personal care products are not required to be tested for safety before being allowed on the market. The Skin Deep® scoring system was designed to help the public understand whether a product is safe to use or whether it contains ingredients of concern.

Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.

HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES

Hazard score

The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED® mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.

Score legend

Data availability

The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.

NONE LIMITED FAIR GOOD ROBUST
Low Availability
Moderate Availability
High Availability

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