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SODIUM HYDROXIDE

Score:

Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (moderate), Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate), and Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (low)

Cancer

Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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facial moisturizer/treatment103 products
moisturizer97 products
serums & essences93 products
bar soap79 products
moisturizer with SPF70 products
shampoo54 products
facial cleanser51 products
body wash/cleanser46 products
mask37 products
conditioner35 products
eye liner32 products
beach & sport sunscreen28 products
hand cream23 products
mascara23 products
liquid hand soap21 products
makeup primer20 products
around-eye cream19 products
bronzer/highlighter16 products
hair color and bleaching15 products
exfoliant/scrub15 products
makeup remover14 products
shaving cream11 products
baby lotion10 products
brow liner10 products
antiperspirant/deodorant9 products
anti-aging9 products
baby shampoo8 products
body firming lotion8 products
toners/astringents7 products
toothpaste7 products
baby soap7 products
bath oil/salts/soak5 products
hair styling aide5 products
baby wipes4 products
after shave4 products
oil controller3 products
styling gel/lotion3 products
eye makeup remover3 products
foundation3 products
baby sunscreen3 products
detangler2 products
depilatory2 products
BB cream2 products
CC cream2 products
foot moisturizer2 products
baby oil2 products
hair treatment/serum2 products
tooth whitening1 products
diaper cream1 products
mouthwash1 products
baby bubble bath1 products
skin fading/lightener1 products
shaving cream (men's)1 products
after sun product1 products
lipstick1 products
eye shadow1 products
glitter1 products
other eye makeup1 products
nail polish1 products
sunless tanning1 products
concealer1 products
foot cleansing1 products
body spray1 products
lip balm1 products
blush1 products
body powder1 products
vapor rubs1 products

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Violation of industry recommendations - Restricted in cosmetics; use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Avoid or minimize skin exposure: recommendation from industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR)Final report 12/2015 available from CIR
Restricted in cosmetics (recommendations or requirements) - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - anyCosIng
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - Safe for use in cosmetics with some qualificationsFinal report 12/2015 available from CIR

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as expected to be toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as medium human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Occupational hazards

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Concern Reference
Single case study detailing occupational hazardsNational Library of Medicine HazMap

Miscellaneous

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Concern Reference
Occupational hazards related to handlingCPS&Q - Classification & Labelling

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
7043 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Ecotoxicology

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food

Informational

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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Avoid or minimize skin exposure: recommendation from industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR)Final report 12/2015 available from CIR

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • Final report 12/2015 available from CIR
  • European Commission. 2013. Cosing, the European Commission database with information on cosmetic substances and ingredients. Accessed on March 1, 2013 at http://ec.europa.eu/consumers/cosmetics/cosing/ .
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2006. HazMap — Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Agents.
  • CPS&Q (Consumer Products Safety & Quality) formely known as ECB (European Chemicals Bureau). 2008. Classification and Labelling: Chemicals: Annex VI of Directive 67/548/EEC through the 31st ATP.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/%7Edms/opa-appa.html, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.

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