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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
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  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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shampoo257 products
foundation151 products
body wash/cleanser138 products
liquid hand soap120 products
facial moisturizer/treatment94 products
facial cleanser90 products
conditioner80 products
mask66 products
serums & essences66 products
baby wipes57 products
makeup remover53 products
daily use with SPF53 products
moisturizer51 products
bar soap49 products
toners/astringents46 products
around-eye cream45 products
concealer45 products
toothpaste34 products
recreational sunscreen32 products
mouthwash25 products
exfoliant/scrub23 products
makeup primer22 products
body firming lotion19 products
hand cream18 products
bath oil/salts/soak16 products
nail polish16 products
baby lotion15 products
baby sunscreen15 products
hair treatment/serum11 products
setting powder/spray11 products
BB cream10 products
bronzer/highlighter10 products
hair styling aide9 products
mascara8 products
brow liner8 products
hand sanitizer7 products
eye liner7 products
eye shadow7 products
antiperspirant/deodorant7 products
sunless tanning6 products
styling gel/lotion6 products
tooth whitening6 products
after shave6 products
baby shampoo6 products
anti-aging5 products
body spray5 products
foot moisturizer4 products
blush4 products
4 products
hair spray3 products
hair color and bleaching3 products
baby soap3 products
eye makeup remover2 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)2 products
detangler2 products
other eye makeup2 products
shaving cream2 products
lip plumper2 products
beard care2 products
skin fading/lightener1 products
foot cleansing1 products
body oil1 products
oil controller1 products
bubble bath1 products
lip balm1 products
after sun product1 products
hair relaxer1 products
styling mousse/foam1 products
beard cleanser1 products

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
3078 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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