- Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met use restrictions and warnings based on EWG review of company data.
IMAGE SOURCE: PubChem
Other ConcernsUse restrictions (moderate) and Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low)
SYNONYMSBENZOIC ACID, SODIUM SALT, SODIUM BENZOATE, and SODIUM SALT BENZOIC ACID
Restricted: EWG VERIFIED products cannot contain this ingredient without adequate substantiation
Sodium benzoate is a preservative commonly used in foods, pharmaceuticals and cosmetics.
See how this product scores for common concerns.
LOWAllergies & Immunotoxicity
LOWDevelopmental and Reproductive Toxicity
- DATA SOURCES
Products with this Ingredient
|body wash/cleanser||908 products|
|liquid hand soap||429 products|
|facial moisturizer/treatment||383 products|
|facial cleanser||375 products|
|serums & essences||268 products|
|hair treatment/serum||235 products|
|baby wipes||177 products|
|around-eye cream||128 products|
|hair styling aide||120 products|
|daily use with SPF||114 products|
|baby shampoo||86 products|
|makeup remover||84 products|
|hair color and bleaching||82 products|
|brow liner||79 products|
|hand cream||64 products|
|baby soap||63 products|
|setting powder/spray||62 products|
|bath oil/salts/soak||61 products|
|bubble bath||57 products|
|makeup primer||55 products|
|styling gel/lotion||49 products|
|eye liner||46 products|
|body firming lotion||43 products|
|eye shadow||41 products|
|recreational sunscreen||40 products|
|body spray||39 products|
|sunless tanning||32 products|
|styling mousse/foam||27 products|
|hair spray||26 products|
|BB cream||26 products|
|shaving cream||25 products|
|CC cream||23 products|
|baby lotion||21 products|
|after shave||21 products|
|nail polish||21 products|
|after sun product||20 products|
|hand sanitizer||19 products|
|facial powder||17 products|
|baby bubble bath||16 products|
|bar soap||13 products|
|lip gloss||12 products|
|beard cleanser||12 products|
|nail treatment||11 products|
|hair-loss treatment||10 products|
|beard care||10 products|
|tooth whitening||9 products|
|shaving cream (men's)||9 products|
|muscle/joint soreness||9 products|
|foot moisturizer||7 products|
|lip balm||7 products|
|skin fading/lightener||7 products|
|baby sunscreen||7 products|
|baby toothpaste||6 products|
|fragrance for women||6 products|
|body oil||6 products|
|antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)||5 products|
|eye makeup remover||5 products|
|tanning oil||4 products|
|body cleansing wipes||4 products|
|other eye makeup||3 products|
|oil controller||3 products|
|eyelash glue||3 products|
|lip plumper||3 products|
|foot odor control||3 products|
|vapor rubs||2 products|
|facial cleansing wipes||2 products|
|hair removal waxes||1 products|
|foot cleansing||1 products|
|cuticle treatment||1 products|
|baby oil||1 products|
|lip balm with SPF||1 products|
|damaged skin treatment||1 products|
|polish remover||1 products|
|diaper cream||1 products|
|makeup removing wipes||1 products|
|Restricted in cosmetics (recommendations or requirements) - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Japan - restricted for use in cosmetics (concentration limit)||Japan's Standards for Cosmetics|
|Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - Safe for use in cosmetics with some qualifications||Cosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments|
Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)
|Limited evidence of sense organ toxicity||Scorecard.org Toxicity Information|
|Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmful||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Classified as a low human health priority||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in product||Cosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments|
|Insufficient data to determine safety||EPA Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS)|
|1089 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemical||NLM PubMed|
|Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - any||Cosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments|
Multiple, additive exposure sources
|Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in food||FDA Food Additive Status|
|Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in food||FDA Everything Added to Food|
|Not suspected to be an environmental toxin||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
Persistence and bioaccumulation
|Not suspected to be persistent||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Not suspected to be bioaccumulative||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Limited or incomplete evidence of cancer according to safety/hazard data – government assessment cannot classify as human carcinogen due to data gaps||EPA Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS)|
- Japan Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare. 2006. Standards for Cosmetics. Evaluation and Licensing Division. Pharmaceutical and Food Safety Bureau.
- CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
- ED (Environmental Defense). 2006. Scorecard _ The Pollution Information Site. http://www.scorecard.org.
- EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
- EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 2008. Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS). Evidence for human carcinogenicity based on 1986-2005 guidelines.
- NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
- FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/%7Edms/opa-appa.html, Oct 16, 2006.
- FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
Cosmetics and personal care products are not required to be tested for safety before being allowed on the market. The Skin Deep® scoring system was designed to help the public understand whether a product is safe to use or whether it contains ingredients of concern.
Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES
The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED™ mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.
The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.