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Data: Good

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Persistence and bioaccumulation (high) and Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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foundation1864 products
lipstick1853 products
eye shadow1323 products
concealer846 products
bronzer/highlighter606 products
lip gloss585 products
blush499 products
nail polish448 products
brow liner376 products
eye liner354 products
daily use with SPF307 products
facial powder303 products
recreational sunscreen273 products
mascara224 products
antiperspirant/deodorant203 products
lip liner173 products
makeup primer158 products
facial moisturizer/treatment155 products
shampoo136 products
setting powder/spray134 products
lip balm126 products
exfoliant/scrub122 products
BB cream91 products
mask89 products
serums & essences77 products
lip plumper74 products
around-eye cream60 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)59 products
56 products
toothpaste53 products
hair color and bleaching50 products
glitter42 products
CC cream41 products
moisturizer37 products
facial cleanser37 products
baby sunscreen35 products
body oil30 products
lip balm with SPF25 products
hair styling aide24 products
hair treatment/serum21 products
pore strips19 products
conditioner19 products
body powder18 products
hair spray15 products
bath oil/salts/soak12 products
anti-aging11 products
hair-loss treatment11 products
body wash/cleanser11 products
sunless tanning10 products
bubble bath9 products
baby toothpaste8 products
toners/astringents8 products
liquid hand soap8 products
nail treatment7 products
styling gel/lotion6 products
body firming lotion6 products
makeup remover6 products
hand cream5 products
oil controller5 products
shaving cream5 products
other eye makeup5 products
tooth whitening4 products
depilatory4 products
after sun product4 products
foot cleansing4 products
tanning oil4 products
foot odor control4 products
body art4 products
skin fading/lightener3 products
after shave3 products
damaged skin treatment3 products
shaving cream (men's)2 products
cuticle treatment2 products
hair removal waxes2 products
fragrance for men2 products
polish remover2 products
foot moisturizer2 products
styling mousse/foam2 products
nail glue2 products
baby powder1 products
fragrance for women1 products
diaper cream1 products
hair relaxer1 products
baby lotion1 products
bar soap1 products
beard care1 products
beard oil1 products
muscle/joint soreness1 products

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Persistent, bioaccumulative in wildlife and humansNational Library of Medicine HazMap
Persistent, bioaccumulative in wildlifeNational Library of Medicine HazMap
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Limited evidence of gastrointestinal or liver Toxicity Information
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
65522 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Limited or incomplete evidence of cancer according to safety/hazard data – government assessment cannot classify as human carcinogen due to data gapsInt'l Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) - Carcinogens


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2006. HazMap — Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Agents.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • ED (Environmental Defense). 2006. Scorecard _ The Pollution Information Site.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • IARC (International Agency for Research on Cancer). 2008. Overall Evaluations of Carcinogenicity to Humans, as evaluated in IARC Monographs Volumes 1-99 (a total of 935 agents, mixtures and exposures).

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products that are inhalable (e.g., sprays, powders) because of respiratory concerns.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer