- This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products that are inhalable (e.g., sprays, powders) because of respiratory concerns.
- Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met use restrictions and warnings based on EWG review of company data.
IMAGE SOURCE: PubChem
Other ConcernsUse restrictions (low), Persistence and bioaccumulation (high), Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low), and Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (low)
Restricted: EWG VERIFIED products cannot contain this ingredient without adequate substantiation
Silica is the most common constituent of sand. Fine silica, typically used in industrial applications and inhaled by workers, is associated with a wide range of disorders, particularly affecting the lungs and respiratory system. In cosmetics for skin use, regular sand presents little, if any risk to people. In contrast, for products that might be inhaled (such as a facial powder), silica particles are finely ground down and may be associated with respiratory toxicity.
See how this product scores for common concerns.
LOWAllergies & Immunotoxicity
LOWDevelopmental and Reproductive Toxicity
- DATA SOURCES
Products with this Ingredient
|eye shadow||1340 products|
|lip gloss||548 products|
|nail polish||426 products|
|eye liner||396 products|
|brow liner||336 products|
|daily use with SPF||304 products|
|recreational sunscreen||267 products|
|lip liner||207 products|
|facial powder||199 products|
|facial moisturizer/treatment||183 products|
|setting powder/spray||160 products|
|makeup primer||135 products|
|lip balm||101 products|
|serums & essences||95 products|
|around-eye cream||85 products|
|lip plumper||73 products|
|BB cream||71 products|
|CC cream||63 products|
|antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)||60 products|
|facial cleanser||42 products|
|hair color and bleaching||42 products|
|hair styling aide||37 products|
|body oil||30 products|
|baby sunscreen||29 products|
|hair treatment/serum||27 products|
|pore strips||23 products|
|lip balm with SPF||20 products|
|body powder||19 products|
|bath oil/salts/soak||17 products|
|body wash/cleanser||11 products|
|bubble bath||11 products|
|baby toothpaste||10 products|
|hair spray||10 products|
|liquid hand soap||10 products|
|hair-loss treatment||9 products|
|body firming lotion||8 products|
|hand cream||7 products|
|skin fading/lightener||7 products|
|styling gel/lotion||6 products|
|hair removal waxes||6 products|
|shaving cream||6 products|
|other eye makeup||6 products|
|nail treatment||5 products|
|sunless tanning||5 products|
|makeup remover||5 products|
|tooth whitening||4 products|
|nail glue||4 products|
|after shave||3 products|
|after sun product||3 products|
|baby lotion||3 products|
|beard care||3 products|
|shaving cream (men's)||2 products|
|oil controller||2 products|
|foot cleansing||2 products|
|styling mousse/foam||2 products|
|damaged skin treatment||2 products|
|bar soap||2 products|
|cuticle treatment||1 products|
|fragrance for women||1 products|
|fragrance for men||1 products|
|diaper cream||1 products|
|polish remover||1 products|
|body spray||1 products|
|tanning oil||1 products|
|foot odor control||1 products|
|eyelash glue||1 products|
|muscle/joint soreness||1 products|
Persistence and bioaccumulation
|Persistent, bioaccumulative in wildlife and humans||National Library of Medicine HazMap|
|Persistent, bioaccumulative in wildlife||National Library of Medicine HazMap|
|Not suspected to be bioaccumulative||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Limited evidence of carcinogenicity||Open scientific literature|
|Limited or incomplete evidence of cancer according to safety/hazard data – government assessment cannot classify as human carcinogen due to data gaps||Int'l Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) - Carcinogens|
|Not likely to be carcinogenic in humans||Open scientific literature|
Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)
|Limited evidence of gastrointestinal or liver toxicity||Scorecard.org Toxicity Information|
|Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmful||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Classified as a low human health priority||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - any||Open scientific literature|
Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)
|any irritation - weight of evidence unknown/unassessed||Open scientific literature|
|Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in product||Cosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments|
|65522 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemical||NLM PubMed|
|Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - any||Cosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments|
Multiple, additive exposure sources
|Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in food||FDA Everything Added to Food|
|Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in food||FDA Food Additive Status|
|Not suspected to be an environmental toxin||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
- NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2006. HazMap — Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Agents.
- EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
- Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
- IARC (International Agency for Research on Cancer). 2008. Overall Evaluations of Carcinogenicity to Humans, as evaluated in IARC Monographs Volumes 1-99 (a total of 935 agents, mixtures and exposures).
- ED (Environmental Defense). 2006. Scorecard _ The Pollution Information Site. http://www.scorecard.org.
- CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
- NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
- FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
- FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/%7Edms/opa-appa.html, Oct 16, 2006.
Cosmetics and personal care products are not required to be tested for safety before being allowed on the market. The Skin Deep® scoring system was designed to help the public understand whether a product is safe to use or whether it contains ingredients of concern.
Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES
The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED™ mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.
The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.