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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
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  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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moisturizer81 products
lipstick81 products
conditioner67 products
lip balm63 products
facial moisturizer/treatment56 products
body oil40 products
lip gloss27 products
body firming lotion25 products
hair treatment/serum19 products
facial cleanser18 products
bath oil/salts/soak17 products
serums & essences15 products
recreational sunscreen13 products
mask12 products
around-eye cream12 products
foundation12 products
hand cream11 products
hair styling aide11 products
exfoliant/scrub10 products
blush9 products
baby lotion8 products
eye shadow8 products
shampoo7 products
daily use with SPF6 products
facial powder6 products
bronzer/highlighter6 products
5 products
antiperspirant/deodorant5 products
hair color and bleaching5 products
concealer5 products
eye liner5 products
bar soap4 products
body wash/cleanser4 products
anti-aging4 products
shaving cream4 products
diaper cream3 products
baby oil3 products
makeup primer2 products
baby sunscreen2 products
cuticle treatment2 products
hair spray2 products
styling gel/lotion2 products
toners/astringents2 products
after sun product2 products
nail treatment2 products
foot moisturizer2 products
detangler2 products
sunless tanning2 products
lip plumper1 products
bubble bath1 products
other eye makeup1 products
shaving cream (men's)1 products
brow liner1 products
liquid hand soap1 products
lip balm with SPF1 products
baby soap1 products
baby shampoo1 products
after shave1 products

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
2036 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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