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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is HIGH

Products with this Ingredient

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facial moisturizer/treatment97 products
serums & essences53 products
lip gloss40 products
moisturizer34 products
lipstick33 products
facial cleanser24 products
mask19 products
around-eye cream18 products
exfoliant/scrub18 products
foundation16 products
body wash/cleanser16 products
lip balm16 products
body firming lotion14 products
daily use with SPF13 products
recreational sunscreen13 products
conditioner13 products
body oil12 products
hand cream9 products
anti-aging9 products
mascara8 products
shampoo8 products
bronzer/highlighter8 products
makeup primer8 products
hair treatment/serum7 products
bar soap7 products
makeup remover5 products
blush5 products
CC cream4 products
shaving cream4 products
4 products
toners/astringents4 products
other eye makeup2 products
styling gel/lotion2 products
baby lotion2 products
after shave2 products
body spray2 products
setting powder/spray2 products
sunless tanning2 products
fragrance for women2 products
damaged skin treatment2 products
skin fading/lightener1 products
tanning oil1 products
bath oil/salts/soak1 products
hair spray1 products
eye shadow1 products
hair styling aide1 products
beard care1 products
baby sunscreen1 products
concealer1 products
hand sanitizer1 products
antiperspirant/deodorant1 products


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Concern Reference
Known human any toxicant or allergenOpen scientific literature

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as medium human health priorityOpen scientific literature
Classified as expected to be toxic or harmfulOpen scientific literature
Classified as expected to be toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as medium human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
102 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinOpen scientific literature
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodOpen scientific literature
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food

Data Sources

  • Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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