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PROPYLENE GLYCOL

Score:

Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Enhanced skin absorption, Use restrictions (low), Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate), and Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (high)

Cancer

Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW_MODERATE

Products with this Ingredient

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beach & sport sunscreen210 products
foundation174 products
shampoo109 products
hair color and bleaching104 products
moisturizer with SPF93 products
concealer90 products
conditioner70 products
mask68 products
facial moisturizer/treatment63 products
mascara63 products
body wash/cleanser56 products
moisturizer52 products
lip balm50 products
serums & essences47 products
antiperspirant/deodorant42 products
facial cleanser40 products
body firming lotion35 products
styling gel/lotion32 products
hair styling aide31 products
lipstick25 products
hair treatment/serum25 products
mouthwash24 products
liquid hand soap21 products
eye liner21 products
makeup primer20 products
lip gloss19 products
body spray19 products
makeup remover19 products
bar soap18 products
BB cream17 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)17 products
around-eye cream17 products
brow liner16 products
Facial Sun Care15 products
exfoliant/scrub15 products
baby sunscreen15 products
styling mousse/foam13 products
bronzer/highlighter13 products
fragrance for women13 products
shaving cream12 products
fragrance for men11 products
hair spray11 products
detangler11 products
toners/astringents10 products
hand sanitizer10 products
CC cream9 products
toothpaste8 products
sunless tanning8 products
eye shadow8 products
baby wipes7 products
anti-aging7 products
bath oil/salts/soak7 products
foot moisturizer6 products
makeup with SPF6 products
lip balm with SPF6 products
after sun product5 products
polish remover5 products
tooth whitening5 products
after shave4 products
nail treatment4 products
shaving cream (men's)3 products
other eye makeup3 products
eyelash glue3 products
hand cream3 products
bubble bath3 products
hair relaxer2 products
Oils & Serums2 products
facial powder2 products
eye makeup remover2 products
baby bubble bath2 products
baby soap1 products
baby toothpaste1 products
body oil1 products
nail glue1 products
vapor rubs1 products
baby lotion1 products
lip plumper1 products
body powder1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products
Tanning Sprays1 products
pore strips1 products

Enhanced skin absorption

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Concern Reference
Penetration enhancerCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)

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Concern Reference
Classified as skin irritantNational Library of Medicine HazMap

Allergies/immunotoxicity

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Concern Reference
Propylene glycol was found to provoke allergic reactions in patients with eczema and other skin allergies.CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review) 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as expected to be toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - Safe for use in cosmetics with some qualificationsCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Safety assessment was based on related chemicalCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
5589 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Developmental/reproductive toxicity

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Concern Reference
Not likely to be a any toxicant in humansNTP 2005 (Jahnke et al)

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food

Informational

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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Determined safe for use in cosmetics up to a specified concentration limitCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2006. HazMap — Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Agents.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review) 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
  • NTP 2005 (Jahnke et al)
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/%7Edms/opa-appa.html, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met use restrictions and warnings based on EWG review of company data.

ABOUT THE SKIN DEEP® RATINGS

EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer

ABOUT EWG VERIFIED™

Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer