Other ConcernsUse restrictions (low) and Occupational hazards (high)
SYNONYMS3,4,5-TRIHYDROXY- PROPYL ESTER BENZOIC ACID, 3,4,5-TRIHYDROXYBENZOIC ACID, PROPYL ESTER, BENZOIC ACID, 3,4,5-TRIHYDROXY-, PROPYL ESTER, BENZOIC ACID, 3,4,5TRIHYDROXY, PROPYL ESTER, PROPYL 3,4,5-TRIHYDROXYBENZOATE, PROPYL ESTER 3,4,5-TRIHYDROXYBENZOIC ACID, PROPYL ESTER BENZOIC ACID, 3,4,5-TRIHYDROXY-, and PROPYL GALLATE
Restricted: EWG VERIFIED products cannot contain this ingredient without adequate substantiation
Propyl Gallate is an aromatic ester of propyl alcohol and Gallic Acid (q.v.).
See how this product scores for common concerns.
MODERATEAllergies & Immunotoxicity
LOWDevelopmental and Reproductive Toxicity
- DATA SOURCES
Products with this Ingredient
|lip balm||170 products|
|lip balm with SPF||26 products|
|facial moisturizer/treatment||8 products|
|body wash/cleanser||6 products|
|lip liner||6 products|
|daily use with SPF||4 products|
|serums & essences||4 products|
|facial powder||3 products|
|lip gloss||2 products|
|around-eye cream||2 products|
|hand cream||1 products|
|recreational sunscreen||1 products|
|makeup primer||1 products|
|Allowed workplace exposures restricted to low doses||CPS&Q - Classification & Labelling|
|Human skin toxicant or allergen - strong evidence||Cosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments|
|Limited evidence of immune system toxicity or allergies||CPS&Q - Classification & Labelling|
Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)
|Classified as toxic or harmful||CPS&Q - Classification & Labelling|
|Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmful||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - Safe for use in cosmetics with some qualifications||Cosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments|
|Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in product||Cosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments|
|719 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemical||NLM PubMed|
Multiple, additive exposure sources
|Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in food||FDA Everything Added to Food|
|Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in food||Cosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments|
|Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in food||FDA Food Additive Status|
|Not suspected to be an environmental toxin||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
Persistence and bioaccumulation
|Not suspected to be persistent||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Not suspected to be bioaccumulative||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
- CPS&Q (Consumer Products Safety & Quality) formely known as ECB (European Chemicals Bureau). 2008. Classification and Labelling: Chemicals: Annex VI of Directive 67/548/EEC through the 31st ATP.
- CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
- EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
- NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
- FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
- FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/%7Edms/opa-appa.html, Oct 16, 2006.
Cosmetics and personal care products are not required to be tested for safety before being allowed on the market. The Skin Deep® scoring system was designed to help the public understand whether a product is safe to use or whether it contains ingredients of concern.
Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES
The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED™ mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.
The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.