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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is MODERATE

Products with this Ingredient

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foundation820 products
shampoo456 products
moisturizer445 products
facial moisturizer/treatment416 products
conditioner404 products
concealer357 products
facial cleanser289 products
body wash/cleanser279 products
mask268 products
serums & essences240 products
mascara228 products
liquid hand soap228 products
eye shadow172 products
hair treatment/serum171 products
around-eye cream133 products
toners/astringents119 products
exfoliant/scrub114 products
daily use with SPF101 products
hair styling aide101 products
hand cream96 products
eye liner91 products
makeup primer84 products
makeup remover81 products
bronzer/highlighter78 products
brow liner77 products
blush74 products
hair color and bleaching68 products
recreational sunscreen64 products
setting powder/spray63 products
body firming lotion60 products
styling gel/lotion57 products
lipstick56 products
sunless tanning55 products
toothpaste51 products
bubble bath47 products
facial powder46 products
lip gloss43 products
baby shampoo41 products
BB cream39 products
anti-aging36 products
baby wipes36 products
35 products
baby soap34 products
mouthwash29 products
antiperspirant/deodorant28 products
CC cream28 products
shaving cream25 products
hand sanitizer23 products
body spray23 products
detangler23 products
hair spray23 products
baby lotion23 products
lip balm18 products
baby bubble bath17 products
after sun product17 products
foot moisturizer16 products
after shave16 products
glitter16 products
baby toothpaste14 products
beard care14 products
eye makeup remover13 products
styling mousse/foam12 products
bath oil/salts/soak11 products
bar soap11 products
shaving cream (men's)11 products
baby sunscreen10 products
hair-loss treatment8 products
body oil7 products
beard cleanser6 products
skin fading/lightener5 products
nail treatment5 products
other eye makeup5 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)5 products
tanning oil5 products
muscle/joint soreness4 products
fragrance for women4 products
oil controller4 products
diaper cream3 products
damaged skin treatment3 products
foot odor control3 products
cuticle treatment2 products
nail polish2 products
tooth whitening2 products
depilatory2 products
baby oil2 products
polish remover2 products
lip balm with SPF2 products
eyelash glue2 products
hair relaxer1 products
lip plumper1 products
foot cleansing1 products
pore strips1 products
body art1 products


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Concern Reference
Human skin toxicant or allergen - strong evidenceCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Limited evidence of sense organ Toxicity Information
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
356 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • ED (Environmental Defense). 2006. Scorecard _ The Pollution Information Site.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.


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