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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is MODERATE

Products with this Ingredient

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foundation584 products
shampoo346 products
facial moisturizer/treatment318 products
moisturizer296 products
conditioner280 products
concealer237 products
body wash/cleanser234 products
facial cleanser219 products
serums & essences186 products
mask178 products
mascara174 products
liquid hand soap166 products
eye shadow140 products
daily use with SPF139 products
exfoliant/scrub108 products
around-eye cream98 products
hair treatment/serum93 products
body firming lotion91 products
blush90 products
toners/astringents89 products
bronzer/highlighter82 products
hair styling aide77 products
makeup primer69 products
makeup remover61 products
hand cream59 products
lipstick59 products
recreational sunscreen56 products
eye liner52 products
toothpaste40 products
facial powder39 products
styling gel/lotion39 products
hair color and bleaching39 products
anti-aging38 products
bubble bath38 products
lip gloss38 products
setting powder/spray37 products
baby wipes32 products
antiperspirant/deodorant31 products
brow liner31 products
sunless tanning30 products
30 products
mouthwash29 products
baby shampoo28 products
detangler26 products
baby soap23 products
shaving cream22 products
CC cream19 products
hand sanitizer17 products
body spray16 products
baby lotion16 products
lip balm16 products
BB cream16 products
hair spray15 products
after shave14 products
beard care14 products
after sun product13 products
baby toothpaste12 products
bath oil/salts/soak11 products
eye makeup remover11 products
foot moisturizer10 products
baby bubble bath10 products
bar soap10 products
glitter9 products
shaving cream (men's)8 products
styling mousse/foam7 products
baby sunscreen7 products
lip liner6 products
oil controller5 products
beard cleanser5 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)4 products
damaged skin treatment4 products
fragrance for women3 products
body oil3 products
other eye makeup3 products
muscle/joint soreness2 products
diaper cream2 products
hair-loss treatment2 products
nail polish2 products
depilatory2 products
hair relaxer2 products
polish remover2 products
lip balm with SPF2 products
cuticle treatment1 products
skin fading/lightener1 products
nail treatment1 products
lip plumper1 products
foot cleansing1 products
baby oil1 products
pore strips1 products
foot odor control1 products
tanning oil1 products


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Concern Reference
Human skin toxicant or allergen - strong evidenceCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Limited evidence of sense organ Toxicity Information
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
356 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • ED (Environmental Defense). 2006. Scorecard _ The Pollution Information Site.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.


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