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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low) and Contamination concerns (high)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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moisturizer197 products
conditioner172 products
facial moisturizer/treatment131 products
daily use with SPF79 products
mask75 products
hair treatment/serum67 products
hair styling aide62 products
foundation59 products
eye shadow57 products
recreational sunscreen50 products
exfoliant/scrub48 products
hand cream44 products
body firming lotion43 products
serums & essences42 products
mascara38 products
facial cleanser31 products
lipstick30 products
sunless tanning30 products
around-eye cream27 products
BB cream24 products
hair-loss treatment22 products
styling gel/lotion21 products
makeup primer19 products
baby lotion18 products
foot moisturizer15 products
beard care12 products
11 products
muscle/joint soreness9 products
bronzer/highlighter9 products
hair color and bleaching9 products
antiperspirant/deodorant9 products
after shave8 products
body wash/cleanser8 products
detangler7 products
blush6 products
anti-aging6 products
lip balm6 products
lip gloss5 products
shaving cream5 products
eye liner5 products
damaged skin treatment4 products
bath oil/salts/soak4 products
brow liner4 products
baby sunscreen4 products
foot cleansing4 products
shaving cream (men's)3 products
cuticle treatment3 products
shampoo3 products
glitter3 products
concealer3 products
after sun product3 products
hair relaxer3 products
pore strips3 products
makeup remover2 products
styling mousse/foam2 products
other eye makeup2 products
toners/astringents2 products
tanning oil2 products
beard cleanser2 products
hair spray2 products
foot odor control1 products
eyelash glue1 products
beard oil1 products
body oil1 products
skin fading/lightener1 products
diaper cream1 products

Contamination concerns

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Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Limited evidence of sense organ Toxicity Information
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
222 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data Sources

  • ED (Environmental Defense). 2006. Scorecard _ The Pollution Information Site.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.


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