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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low) and Contamination concerns (high)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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moisturizer134 products
conditioner129 products
daily use with SPF110 products
facial moisturizer/treatment88 products
body firming lotion68 products
recreational sunscreen48 products
hair styling aide48 products
mask45 products
serums & essences45 products
hair treatment/serum44 products
exfoliant/scrub42 products
eye shadow41 products
foundation40 products
hand cream31 products
sunless tanning29 products
facial cleanser27 products
around-eye cream16 products
mascara14 products
makeup primer13 products
foot moisturizer12 products
hair color and bleaching12 products
12 products
styling gel/lotion11 products
bronzer/highlighter11 products
anti-aging10 products
glitter9 products
beard care9 products
BB cream9 products
baby lotion9 products
antiperspirant/deodorant8 products
hair-loss treatment7 products
baby sunscreen6 products
eye liner6 products
shaving cream6 products
blush5 products
lip balm5 products
lipstick5 products
body wash/cleanser5 products
brow liner4 products
after shave4 products
detangler4 products
makeup remover4 products
after sun product4 products
tanning oil4 products
hair relaxer3 products
muscle/joint soreness3 products
foot cleansing3 products
concealer3 products
shaving cream (men's)2 products
hair spray2 products
shampoo2 products
bath oil/salts/soak2 products
body oil1 products
eyelash glue1 products
eye makeup remover1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products
beard cleanser1 products
diaper cream1 products
other eye makeup1 products
cuticle treatment1 products
styling mousse/foam1 products
toners/astringents1 products

Contamination concerns

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Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Limited evidence of sense organ Toxicity Information
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
222 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data Sources

  • ED (Environmental Defense). 2006. Scorecard _ The Pollution Information Site.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.


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