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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low) and Contamination concerns (high)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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serums & essences149 products
facial moisturizer/treatment137 products
foundation133 products
body wash/cleanser103 products
shampoo103 products
mask89 products
bronzer/highlighter81 products
facial cleanser76 products
toners/astringents71 products
hair styling aide70 products
moisturizer with SPF62 products
liquid hand soap56 products
conditioner54 products
exfoliant/scrub52 products
hair treatment/serum51 products
moisturizer49 products
makeup remover48 products
concealer39 products
beach & sport sunscreen37 products
styling gel/lotion36 products
around-eye cream31 products
body firming lotion28 products
blush26 products
mouthwash25 products
hair spray25 products
makeup primer24 products
facial powder23 products
baby wipes21 products
after sun product20 products
styling mousse/foam17 products
detangler16 products
body spray15 products
hand cream15 products
anti-aging14 products
BB cream13 products
eye liner12 products
hand sanitizer12 products
bath oil/salts/soak11 products
antiperspirant/deodorant11 products
after shave8 products
sunless tanning8 products
foot cleansing7 products
beard care7 products
bubble bath7 products
eye shadow6 products
mascara6 products
shaving cream6 products
baby lotion6 products
baby shampoo5 products
foot moisturizer5 products
brow liner5 products
eye makeup remover4 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)4 products
lipstick4 products
baby sunscreen4 products
4 products
baby soap4 products
CC cream3 products
baby bubble bath3 products
hair relaxer3 products
other eye makeup3 products
oil controller2 products
shaving cream (men's)2 products
foot odor control2 products
nail polish2 products
beard cleanser2 products
hair color and bleaching1 products
tanning oil1 products
body oil1 products
polish remover1 products
cuticle treatment1 products
depilatory1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products
glitter1 products
nail treatment1 products
fragrance for women1 products
diaper cream1 products

Contamination concerns

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Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Limited evidence of sense organ toxicityHarvell, J, M. Bason and H. Maibach. Contact Urticaria and its Mechanisms. Food Chemistry and Toxicology 32(2): 103-112. 1994. (Table 2: Substances identified as capable of causing contact urticaria).
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
2265 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data Sources

  • Harvell, J, M. Bason and H. Maibach. Contact Urticaria and its Mechanisms. Food Chemistry and Toxicology 32(2): 103-112. 1994. (Table 2: Substances identified as capable of causing contact urticaria).
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


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