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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low) and Contamination concerns (high)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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serums & essences184 products
facial moisturizer/treatment169 products
shampoo148 products
body wash/cleanser140 products
foundation140 products
mask121 products
facial cleanser99 products
toners/astringents96 products
hair styling aide90 products
bronzer/highlighter89 products
conditioner83 products
liquid hand soap77 products
daily use with SPF75 products
moisturizer73 products
exfoliant/scrub70 products
hair treatment/serum69 products
makeup remover56 products
styling gel/lotion54 products
concealer46 products
recreational sunscreen44 products
around-eye cream38 products
hair spray31 products
after sun product30 products
body firming lotion30 products
mouthwash29 products
blush28 products
makeup primer27 products
baby wipes26 products
styling mousse/foam26 products
setting powder/spray26 products
detangler25 products
CC cream24 products
facial powder23 products
sunless tanning19 products
bath oil/salts/soak16 products
hand cream16 products
antiperspirant/deodorant15 products
eye liner15 products
body spray15 products
bubble bath15 products
hand sanitizer15 products
BB cream15 products
anti-aging14 products
baby lotion14 products
after shave12 products
shaving cream10 products
mascara9 products
lipstick9 products
8 products
foot cleansing7 products
foot moisturizer7 products
eye shadow7 products
baby shampoo7 products
beard care7 products
brow liner6 products
eye makeup remover4 products
baby soap4 products
baby bubble bath4 products
baby sunscreen4 products
shaving cream (men's)3 products
hair relaxer3 products
other eye makeup3 products
hair color and bleaching2 products
body oil2 products
polish remover2 products
oil controller2 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)2 products
foot odor control2 products
damaged skin treatment2 products
nail polish2 products
beard cleanser2 products
nail treatment1 products
hair-loss treatment1 products
tanning oil1 products
cuticle treatment1 products
fragrance for women1 products
depilatory1 products
bar soap1 products
lip gloss1 products
diaper cream1 products
glitter1 products

Contamination concerns

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Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Limited evidence of sense organ Toxicity Information
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
2265 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • ED (Environmental Defense). 2006. Scorecard _ The Pollution Information Site.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


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