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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low) and Contamination concerns (high)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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foundation129 products
facial moisturizer/treatment108 products
serums & essences107 products
body wash/cleanser75 products
shampoo62 products
mask61 products
bronzer/highlighter56 products
moisturizer with SPF50 products
facial cleanser45 products
moisturizer44 products
toners/astringents39 products
liquid hand soap35 products
hair styling aide35 products
conditioner32 products
makeup remover32 products
beach & sport sunscreen26 products
concealer25 products
hair treatment/serum25 products
styling gel/lotion23 products
blush23 products
facial powder22 products
exfoliant/scrub22 products
around-eye cream19 products
detangler16 products
mouthwash13 products
BB cream13 products
makeup primer13 products
hair spray12 products
hair color and bleaching12 products
styling mousse/foam12 products
after sun product10 products
baby wipes8 products
anti-aging8 products
eye liner8 products
bubble bath7 products
brow liner7 products
eye shadow6 products
body firming lotion6 products
hand cream6 products
bath oil/salts/soak5 products
antiperspirant/deodorant5 products
body spray5 products
sunless tanning5 products
mascara5 products
hand sanitizer4 products
baby lotion4 products
after shave4 products
shaving cream4 products
foot cleansing3 products
baby bubble bath3 products
other eye makeup3 products
foot moisturizer3 products
lipstick3 products
CC cream3 products
eye makeup remover2 products
baby shampoo2 products
baby soap2 products
hair relaxer2 products
nail polish2 products
oil controller2 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)2 products
baby sunscreen2 products
tanning oil1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products
glitter1 products
nail treatment1 products
shaving cream (men's)1 products
body oil1 products
polish remover1 products
cuticle treatment1 products
depilatory1 products
beard care1 products

Contamination concerns

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Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Limited evidence of sense organ toxicityHarvell, J, M. Bason and H. Maibach. Contact Urticaria and its Mechanisms. Food Chemistry and Toxicology 32(2): 103-112. 1994. (Table 2: Substances identified as capable of causing contact urticaria).
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
2265 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data Sources

  • Harvell, J, M. Bason and H. Maibach. Contact Urticaria and its Mechanisms. Food Chemistry and Toxicology 32(2): 103-112. 1994. (Table 2: Substances identified as capable of causing contact urticaria).
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


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