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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low) and Contamination concerns (high)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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foundation105 products
serums & essences99 products
facial moisturizer/treatment99 products
body wash/cleanser70 products
mask56 products
shampoo53 products
moisturizer with SPF53 products
bronzer/highlighter43 products
facial cleanser43 products
moisturizer40 products
toners/astringents34 products
liquid hand soap33 products
hair styling aide32 products
makeup remover29 products
blush28 products
beach & sport sunscreen26 products
conditioner26 products
concealer25 products
facial powder22 products
hair treatment/serum21 products
styling gel/lotion21 products
around-eye cream16 products
exfoliant/scrub16 products
BB cream13 products
detangler13 products
mouthwash12 products
hair color and bleaching12 products
hair spray10 products
styling mousse/foam10 products
anti-aging8 products
body firming lotion8 products
makeup primer8 products
baby wipes7 products
after sun product7 products
bubble bath7 products
hand cream6 products
eye liner6 products
sunless tanning5 products
body spray5 products
antiperspirant/deodorant5 products
mascara5 products
baby lotion4 products
brow liner4 products
eye shadow3 products
bath oil/salts/soak3 products
other eye makeup3 products
CC cream3 products
baby bubble bath3 products
after shave3 products
shaving cream (men's)2 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)2 products
foot cleansing2 products
hand sanitizer2 products
baby shampoo2 products
eye makeup remover2 products
baby soap2 products
oil controller2 products
shaving cream2 products
foot moisturizer2 products
nail polish2 products
baby sunscreen2 products
lipstick2 products
tanning oil1 products
body oil1 products
depilatory1 products
cuticle treatment1 products
polish remover1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products
Facial Sun Care1 products
nail treatment1 products
glitter1 products
beard oil1 products
Oils & Serums1 products
beard care1 products
makeup with SPF1 products

Contamination concerns

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Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Limited evidence of sense organ toxicityHarvell, J, M. Bason and H. Maibach. Contact Urticaria and its Mechanisms. Food Chemistry and Toxicology 32(2): 103-112. 1994. (Table 2: Substances identified as capable of causing contact urticaria).
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
2265 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data Sources

  • Harvell, J, M. Bason and H. Maibach. Contact Urticaria and its Mechanisms. Food Chemistry and Toxicology 32(2): 103-112. 1994. (Table 2: Substances identified as capable of causing contact urticaria).
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met the program’s impurity restrictions based on EWG review of company data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer