Other ConcernsIrritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (moderate)
SYNONYMSETHENE, HOMOPOLYMER, ETHYLENE POLYMER; POLYETHYLENE, HIGH MELTING POINT POLYETHYLENE POWDER, HOMOPOLYMER ETHENE, POLYETHYLENE, POLYETHYLENE POWDER, and POLYETHYLENE WAX
This ingredient is not currently on EWG's Restricted or Unacceptable Lists.
Polyethylene is a polymer of ethylene monomers; may contain potentially toxic manufacturing contaminants such as 1,4-dioxane.
See how this product scores for common concerns.
LOWAllergies & Immunotoxicity
LOWDevelopmental and Reproductive Toxicity
- DATA SOURCES
Products with this Ingredient
|eye liner||391 products|
|brow liner||230 products|
|lip liner||223 products|
|eye shadow||205 products|
|lip gloss||198 products|
|lip balm||88 products|
|recreational sunscreen||57 products|
|makeup primer||29 products|
|facial moisturizer/treatment||21 products|
|daily use with SPF||18 products|
|antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)||18 products|
|lip plumper||17 products|
|lip balm with SPF||15 products|
|facial powder||14 products|
|BB cream||12 products|
|baby sunscreen||12 products|
|around-eye cream||11 products|
|makeup remover||11 products|
|hair color and bleaching||6 products|
|facial cleanser||6 products|
|nail polish||4 products|
|setting powder/spray||3 products|
|hair styling aide||1 products|
|baby lotion||1 products|
|body firming lotion||1 products|
|tanning oil||1 products|
|body wash/cleanser||1 products|
|oil controller||1 products|
|shaving cream (men's)||1 products|
|hand cream||1 products|
|bath oil/salts/soak||1 products|
|other eye makeup||1 products|
|serums & essences||1 products|
|eye makeup remover||1 products|
|diaper cream||1 products|
Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)
|Human any irritant - strong evidence||Cosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments|
|Limited evidence of immune system toxicity or allergies||National Library of Medicine HazMap|
|Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in product||Cosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments|
|Missing safety data noted by cosmetic industry review||Cosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments|
|Considered safe based on assumption of low absorption||Cosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments|
|0 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemical||NLM PubMed|
|Not suspected to be an environmental toxin||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)
|Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmful||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Classified as a low human health priority||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
Persistence and bioaccumulation
|Not suspected to be bioaccumulative||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Not likely to be carcinogenic in humans||Open scientific literature|
|Limited or incomplete evidence of cancer according to safety/hazard data – government assessment cannot classify as human carcinogen due to data gaps||Int'l Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) - Carcinogens|
Multiple, additive exposure sources
|Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in food||FDA Everything Added to Food|
|Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in food||FDA Food Additive Status|
|Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - any||Cosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments|
- CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
- NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2006. HazMap — Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Agents.
- NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
- EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
- Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
- IARC (International Agency for Research on Cancer). 2008. Overall Evaluations of Carcinogenicity to Humans, as evaluated in IARC Monographs Volumes 1-99 (a total of 935 agents, mixtures and exposures).
- FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
- FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/%7Edms/opa-appa.html, Oct 16, 2006.
Cosmetics and personal care products are not required to be tested for safety before being allowed on the market. The Skin Deep® scoring system was designed to help the public understand whether a product is safe to use or whether it contains ingredients of concern.
Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES
The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED™ mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.
The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.