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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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foundation462 products
lipstick266 products
eye shadow165 products
concealer140 products
daily use with SPF108 products
facial powder93 products
bronzer/highlighter92 products
blush75 products
lip balm71 products
CC cream59 products
hair treatment/serum54 products
hair spray46 products
lip gloss42 products
eye liner38 products
brow liner35 products
hair styling aide33 products
conditioner33 products
lip liner31 products
recreational sunscreen31 products
BB cream29 products
mask23 products
makeup primer22 products
facial moisturizer/treatment17 products
styling gel/lotion16 products
antiperspirant/deodorant15 products
hair color and bleaching12 products
lip plumper11 products
moisturizer8 products
baby sunscreen6 products
lip balm with SPF6 products
around-eye cream6 products
beard oil5 products
sunless tanning5 products
shampoo5 products
detangler5 products
serums & essences5 products
hand cream5 products
5 products
beard care4 products
body oil4 products
bath oil/salts/soak4 products
other eye makeup3 products
setting powder/spray3 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)2 products
body firming lotion2 products
tanning oil2 products
hair relaxer1 products
anti-aging1 products
facial cleanser1 products
cuticle treatment1 products


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Concern Reference
Suspected to be an environmental toxin and be persistent or bioaccumulative (uncertainty in environmental toxicity or persistence/bioaccumulation)Environment Canada Domestic Substance List
Uncertain environmental toxin and uncertain persistent or bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
3 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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