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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (moderate), Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate), Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (high), and Occupational hazards (high)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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foundation2389 products
eye shadow1439 products
lipstick1368 products
concealer1271 products
moisturizer1210 products
facial moisturizer/treatment1004 products
conditioner952 products
mask950 products
lip gloss774 products
shampoo707 products
facial cleanser660 products
bronzer/highlighter593 products
mascara587 products
serums & essences587 products
blush563 products
body wash/cleanser539 products
eye liner525 products
brow liner489 products
daily use with SPF473 products
lip balm466 products
hair styling aide450 products
hair treatment/serum446 products
exfoliant/scrub414 products
recreational sunscreen353 products
makeup primer308 products
hand cream305 products
facial powder258 products
around-eye cream252 products
styling gel/lotion249 products
toners/astringents237 products
liquid hand soap228 products
hair color and bleaching211 products
makeup remover203 products
setting powder/spray199 products
lip liner135 products
body firming lotion127 products
BB cream126 products
CC cream106 products
sunless tanning96 products
shaving cream91 products
anti-aging86 products
hair spray80 products
77 products
glitter75 products
bubble bath74 products
detangler72 products
lip plumper68 products
baby lotion67 products
foot moisturizer62 products
eyelash glue61 products
styling mousse/foam58 products
after sun product58 products
hand sanitizer57 products
antiperspirant/deodorant54 products
baby wipes53 products
baby sunscreen53 products
baby shampoo49 products
beard care44 products
body oil43 products
after shave40 products
body spray39 products
shaving cream (men's)36 products
baby soap34 products
eye makeup remover30 products
foot cleansing26 products
bar soap19 products
damaged skin treatment19 products
beard cleanser19 products
lip balm with SPF17 products
nail polish16 products
bath oil/salts/soak16 products
hair-loss treatment15 products
muscle/joint soreness13 products
baby bubble bath13 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)13 products
oil controller12 products
body powder12 products
skin fading/lightener11 products
diaper cream11 products
tanning oil11 products
cuticle treatment10 products
nail treatment10 products
other eye makeup9 products
foot odor control8 products
pore strips8 products
body art6 products
fragrance for women5 products
beard oil5 products
hair relaxer4 products
baby oil3 products
polish remover3 products
nail glue3 products
hair removal waxes2 products
depilatory2 products
fragrance for men2 products
vapor rubs2 products

Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)

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Concern Reference
Classified as irritantCPS&Q - Classification & Labelling

Occupational hazards

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Concern Reference
Allowed workplace exposures restricted to low dosesCPS&Q - Classification & Labelling

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Restricted in cosmetics (recommendations or requirements) - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Japan - restricted for use in cosmetics (concentration limit)Japan's Standards for Cosmetics

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Limited evidence of nervous toxicityOpen scientific literature
Classified as toxic or harmfulCPS&Q - Classification & Labelling
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


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Concern Reference
Limited evidence of skin and immune system toxicity or allergiesOpen scientific literature

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
279 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • CPS&Q (Consumer Products Safety & Quality) formely known as ECB (European Chemicals Bureau). 2008. Classification and Labelling: Chemicals: Annex VI of Directive 67/548/EEC through the 31st ATP.
  • Japan Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare. 2006. Standards for Cosmetics. Evaluation and Licensing Division. Pharmaceutical and Food Safety Bureau.
  • Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products intended for use around mouth due to increased risk of ingestion and absorption.
  • This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products intended for use on lips due to increased risk of ingestion and absorption.
  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met use restrictions and warnings based on EWG review of company data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer